article/article.tpl

Choosing a course of study and career in pharmacy—student attitudes and intentions across three years at a New Zealand School of Pharmacy

Stuart Capstick, James A. Green, Rosemary Beresford

Abstract

Factors influencing undergraduates’ selection of Pharmacy as a course of study, career, study and professional perspectives were evaluated by survey over the years 2004 – 2006 at Otago University, New Zealand. Altruistic intent emerged as a powerful motivator for choosing pharmacy and entrepreneurial career intentions were prominent. A sizeable though declining number of students selected pharmacy secondarily to medicine or dentistry. Gender differences were found between intended areas of practice.


Keywords

Choosing pharmacy, career choice, survey, undergraduate


Full Text:

PDF

References

Abowitz, K. K. (2006). The interdependency of vocational and liberal aims in higher education. About Campus, 11(2), 16–22.

American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy. (2006). Pharmacy School Admissions Requirements. Available at http://www.aacp. org/Docs/MainNavigation/InstitutionalData/6871_School_ Narratives_PSAR.pdf. Accessed 20th November, 2006.

Carter, E. A., & Segal, R. (1989). Factors influencing pharmacists’ selection of their first practice setting. American Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, 46(11), 2294–300.

Carvajal, M. J., & Hardigan, P. (1999). Estimation of pharmacy students’ expected job satisfaction functions: inter-gender differences. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 63, 285 – 289.

Census, April 1991 and 2001, Office for National Statistics, UK.

Chesnut, R. J., & Phillips, C. R. (2000). Current practices and anticipated changes in academic and nonacademic admission sources for entry-level PharmdD programs. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 64, 251–259.

Cline, R. R., Mott, D. A., & Schommer, J. C. (1999).

Relationship between attitudes, demographics and application decisions among pre-pharmacy students: An exploratory investigation. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 63, 394–401.

Cockerill, R., & Tanner, J. (2001). Choosing pharmacy: The impact of gender, race and cohort on career decisions. Journal of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 18(3), 111–115.

Cooter, R., Erdmann, J. B., Gonnella, J. S., Callahan, C. A., Hojat, M., & Xu, G. (2004). Economic diversity in medical education: The relationship between students’ family income and academic performance, career choice, and student debt. Evaluation and the Health Professions, 27(3), 252–264.

Davey, A., Evans, A. M., & Stupans, I. (2006). Pharmacy: Factors that influence the choice of career and study options. Pharmacy Education, 6(1), 21–26.

Duncan-Hewitt, W. C. (1996). Designing admissions criteria: A framework. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 60, 109–121.

Edwards, C., Lambert, T. W., Goldacre, M. J., & Parkhouse, J. (1997). Early medical career choices and eventual careers. Medical Education, 31, 237–242.

Ferguson, J. A., Roller, L., & Wertheimer, A. I. (1986). Social factors motivating students toward a career in pharmacy. Journal of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 3(4), 127–135.

Foy, J. M., & Waller, D. M. (1987). Using British school examinations as a predictor of university performance in a pharmacy course: A correlative study. Higher Education, 16(6), 691–698.

Gidman, W., & Hassell, K. (2005). Has pharmacy become a good job for women but less attractive for men? Pharmaceutical Journal, 275, 604.

Hassell, K. (2003). The national workforce census: 6) the gendered nature of pharmacy employment in Britain. The Pharmaceutical Journal, 271, 550–552.

Hassell, K., & Eden, M. (2006). Workforce update—joiners, leavers, and practising and non-practising pharmacists on the 2005 register. The Pharmaceutical Journal, 276, 40–42.

Hatfield, K., Marriott, J., & Harper, A. (2000). Raising awareness of hospital pharmacy among undergraduate pharmacy students. Hospital Pharmacist, 7(7), 199–201.

Horsburgh, M., Perkins, R., Coyle, B., & Degeling, P. (2006). The professional subcultures of students entering medicine, nursing and pharmacy programmes. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 20(4), 425–431.

Miranda, N., Bates, I., & Duggan, C. (2002). Exploring cultural influences on learning behaviour: A pilot study of an international clinical pharmacy programme. Pharmacy Education, 2(1), 5–10.

Pathman, D. E., & Agnew, C. R. (1993). Querying physicians’ beliefs in career choice studies: The limitations of introspective casual reports. Family Medicine, 25(3), 203–207.

Pharmacy Council of New Zealand: Annual Report. (2005a). Wellington, New Zealand. Report, Pharmacy Council of New Zealand. Wellington, New Zealand. http://www.pharmacycouncil. org.nz/news/documents/AR30jUNE2005.pdf. Accessed 15th October 2006.

Pharmacy Council of New Zealand. (2005b) Workforce demo- graphics as at 1 June 2005. Report, Pharmacy Council of New Zealand. Wellington, New Zealand. http://www.pharmacycouncil. org.nz/news/documents/WebsiteReportAug05.pdf. Accessed 15th October 2006.

Pike, G. (2006). Students’ personality types, intended majors, and college expectations: Further evidence concerning psychological and sociological interpretations of Holland’s theory. Research in Higher Education, 47(7), 801–822.

Porter, S. R., & Umbach, P. D. (2006). College major choice: An analysis of person – environment fit. Research in Higher Education, 47(4), 429–449.

Pratt, R. (1956). Analysis of a pilot study of factors that motivate individuals to elect the health sciences as a career, with special reference to pharmacy. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 20, 175–190, Cited in Cline (1999).

Reay, D., Davies, J., David, M., & Ball, S. J. (2001). Choices of degree or degrees of choice? Class, “race” and the higher education choice. Sociology, 35(4), 855–874.

Roller, L. (1993). Attitudes and demographics of students entering the victorian college of pharmacy. Australian Pharmacist, November, 662–666.

Roller, L. (2004). Intrinsic and extrinsic factors in choosing pharmacy as a course of study at Monash University 1999– 2004. In: Peer reviewed Proceedings of the 13th International Social Pharmacy Workshop, Malta, 19-23 July 2004. Pharmacy Education, 4, 199.

Seston, L., Shann, P., Hassell, K., & Willis, S. (2006). The future pharmacy workforce: Do pharmacy students want to be entrepreneurs? Bulletin of the centre for Pharmacy Workforce Studies, 2, 1–4.

Sharif, S., Gifford, L., Morris, G. A., & Barber, J. (2003). Can we predict student success (and reduce student failure)? Pharmacy Education, 3(2), 77–86.

Shaw, J. P. (2000). Undergraduate pharmacy education in the United States and New Zealand: Towards a core curriculum. Pharmacy Education, 1, 5–15.

Silverthorne, J., Price, G., Hanning, L., Scanlan, J., & Cantrill, J. (2003). Factors that influence the career choices of pharmacy undergraduates. Pharmacy Education, 3(3), 161–167.

Siracuse, M. V., Schondelmeyer, S. W., Hadsall, R. S., & Schommer, J. C. (2004). Assessing career aspirations of pharmacy students. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 68(3; 75), 1–12.

Smith, M. C., Gibson, J. T., & Mikeal, R. L. (1974). Reasons for choosing pharmacy as an occupation. Drugs in Health Care, 1, 89–98, Cited in Cline (1999).

Strand, L. M., Cipolle, R. J., Morley, P. C., & Frakes, M. J. (2004). The impact of pharmaceutical care practice on the practitioner and the patient in the ambulatory practice setting: Twenty-five years of experience. Current Pharmaceutical Design, 10(31), 3987 – 4001.

Van de Werfhorst, H. G., Sullivan, A., & Cheung, S. Y. (2003). Social class, ability and choice of subject in secondary and tertiary education in Britain. British Educational Research Journal, 29(1), 41–62.

Willis, S., Shann, P., & Hassell, K. (2006a). Report 4: Early choices questionnaire. Analysis of the questionnaire. Studying phar- macy: Who, when, how, why? What next? Centre for Pharmacy Workforce Studies, Manchester University. (Summary report available in Academic Pharmacy Group Newsletter (2006),Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, 19 (1), 11–12.

Available at: http://www.rpsgb.org/pdfs/apgnewslet0607.pdf).

Willis, S. C., Shann, P., & Hassell, K. (2006b). Career choices, working patterns and the future pharmacy workforce. The Pharmaceutical Journal, 277, 137–138.

Willis, S., Shann, P., & Hassell, K. (2006c). Family-building and the future pharmacy workforce. Bulletin of the centre for Pharmacy Workforce Studies, 1, 1–4.

Willis, S. C., Shann, P., & Hassell, K. (2006d). Who will be tomorrow’s pharmacists and why did they study pharmacy? The Pharmaceutical Journal, 277, 107–108.

Wilson, K., Jesson, J., Langley, C., Hatfield, K., & Clarke, L. (2006). Pharmacy undergraduate students: Career choices and expectations across a four-year degree programme. Report by the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain. Available at http://www.rpsgb.org/pdfs/careerchoicesreport.pdf. Accessed 15th October 2006. Summary of research reported as a Pharmaceutical Journal (2006) editorial: Survey finds pharmacy ownership the top ambition for students. Pharmaceutical Journal, 277, 407.

Wright, S. S., & Miederhoff, P. A. (1999). Selecting students with personal characteristics relevant to pharmaceutical care. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 63, 132–138.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
article/comments.tpl article/footer.tpl