article/article.tpl

Self-assessment of competence in a community pharmacy setting

Elizabeth Mills, Raisa Laaksonen, Ian Bates, Graham Davies, Catherine Duggan

Abstract

Background:The Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain is currently introducing continuing professional development(CPD) as a means of ensuring the competence of its members. An investigation into the influences of pharmacists’characteristics on self-assessed competence will help identify pharmacists who may need support with CPD. The aim of thisstudy was to explore the influences on the self-assessed competence of community pharmacists.

Methods:A piloted postal questionnaire measuring self-assessed competence was sent to 179 community pharmacists.

Results:Groups of pharmacists based in demographics were identified (K means cluster analysis). ANOVA and post hoc tests revealed that pharmacists who were female, younger and working for national chains of pharmacies assessed themselves to be more competent than male owners of independent pharmacies in the “Patient Care” (F=3.710, p,0.05, Scheffé p<0.05) and “Personal” competency clusters (F=4.360,p<0.05, Scheffe ́p<0.05).

Discussion:Male, older pharmacists, who own their own pharmacy, need support to increase their confidence in their skills,knowledge and abilities.


Keywords

Background:The Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain is currently introducing continuing professional development(CPD) as a means of ensuring the competence of its members. An investigation into the influences of pharmacists’characteristics on sel


Full Text:

PDF

References

Antoniou, S., Webb, D. G., Bates, I., McRobbie, D., Wright, D. J., & Quinn, J. (2004). General level competency framework improves the clinical practice of hospital pharmacists: Final results of the south of England trial. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice,12, R22–R23.

Bell, H. M., Maguire, T., & McGarland, L. F. (2002). Perceptions of continuing professional development within the pharmacy profession. Journal of Social & Administrative Pharmacy,19,87–98.

Department of Health. (1999). Clinical Governance: Quality in the New NHS. London: The Department of Health.

Department of Health. (2001). The report of the public inquiry into children’s heart surgery at the Bristol Royal Infirmary 1984–1995. Learning from Bristol, CM, 5207 (1) London: The Department of Health.

Department of Health. (2005).Guidance for the Development of Consultant Pharmacist Posts. London: Crown Copyright.

Hassell, K. (2003). The national workforce census: The gendered nature of pharmacy employment in Britain.Pharmaceutical Journal,271, 550–552.

McRobbie, D., Webb, D. G., Bates, I., Wright, J., & Davies, J. G.(2001). Assessment of clinical competence: Designing a competence grid for junior pharmacists.Pharmacy Education,1, 67–76.

Meadows, N., Webb, D. G., McRobbie, D., Antoniou, D. S., Bates,I., & Davies, J. G. (2004). Developing and validating a competency framework for advanced pharmacy practice. Pharmaceutical Journal,273, 789–792.

Mills, E. R., Bates, I., Davies, J. G., & Lyall, H. (2004). A pilot study to evaluate professional and clinical competence in a community pharmacy setting.Pharmacy World and Science,26, A31–A32.

Mottram, D. R., Rowe, P., Gangani, N., & Al-Khamis, Y. (2002). Pharmacists’ engagement in continuing education and attitudes towards continuing professional development. Pharmaceutical Journal, 269, 618–622.

NHS Executive and National Prescribing Centre. (2000).

Competencies for pharmacists working in primary care, 1st edn. Liverpool: National Prescribing Centre and NHS Executive.

Rethans, J., Sturmans, F., Drop, R., van der Vleuten, C., & Hobus,P. (1991). Does competence of general practitioners predict their performance? Comparison between examination setting and actual practice.British Medical Journal,303, 1377–1380.

RPSGB. (2003).Plan and Record. London: Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain.

RPSGB Research and Development Division (2004). An overview of the main findings from the 2003 pharmacy workforce census.Pharmaceutical Journal,272, 750–751.

Smith, F. (2002).Research Methods in Pharmacy Practice. London:Pharmaceutical Press.

Whiddett, S., & Hollyforde, S. (1999).The Competencies Handbook.London: Institute of Personnel and Development.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
article/comments.tpl article/footer.tpl