article/article.tpl

The Effects of Leadership Involvement and Part-time Employment on Pharmacy Student Academic Performance

Mei-Jen Ho, Emily Chan, Patty Fan-Havard, Clinton Thompson, Jennifer M Hess

Abstract

Objective: The primary objective of this study was to examine the relationship between extracurricular involvement and academic performance during pharmacy school.  

Methods: All pharmacy students at the University at Buffalo School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences were invited to complete a 14-item online survey. The survey questions focused on their employment status outside of school and their involvement in professional organisations. Responses were linked to their grade point average (GPA) using their university identification number. Three time-series unadjusted and adjusted, multivariable regressions were performed to examine the relationship between grade point average and part-time employment (PTE), GPA and participation in professional organisation, and GPA and combined activities.

Results: This study included survey results from 119 students (response rate of 24.3%). Students working 5-14 hours per week towards part-time employment did not exhibit a significant difference in GPA compared to those working 0-4 hours; however students working 15-19 hours had lower GPA (p<.05). A negative correlation was found between professional involvement and GPA (p<.05). The combined effect of part-time employment and professional involvement exhibits a negative effect in the bivariate model (p<.05).

Conclusions: A moderate amount of PTE is considered beneficial to complement academic achievement when compared to no employment. Excessive time in professional involvement is associated with a negative effect on academic success. 


Keywords

Pharmacy Student, Student Leadership, Extracurricular Involvement, Work Experience, Academic Performance


Full Text:

PDF

References

The American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (2013). Profile of Pharmacy Students Fall Alexandria, VA: (online). Available at: http://www.aacp.org/resources/ research/institutionalresearch/Documents/Fall12_Introduction.pdf. Accessed 15th May, 2013.

American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (2011) ASHP Statement on leadership as a professional obligation. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 68, 2293-5.

Anderson, S. & Smithyman-Kanters, K. (1988) Accuracy of Self-Reported Recreation Participation. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 6, 231-235.

Bachman, J. G., Staff, J., O'Malley, P.M. & Freedman-Doan, P. (2013) Adolescent Work Intensity, School Performance, and Substance Use: Links Vary by Race/Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status. Developmental Psychology, 49 (11), 2125-34

Birdwell, S. & Escovitz, A. (1990) A Relationships between student employment during the academic year and academic and NABPLEX performance. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 54, 117-120.

Briceland, L., Hamilton, R. & Kowalsky, S. (1990) Employment during the academic year: does it affect the scholastic performance of pharmacy students. New York State Journal of Pharmacy, 10, 66-69.

Chisholm, M. (2001) Students’ performance throughout the professional curriculum and the influence of achieving a prior degree. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 65, 350-4.

Chisholm, M., Cobb III, H. & Kotzan, J. (1997) Prior four year college degree and academic performance of first year pharmacy students: a three year study. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 61, 278-281.

Everett, B., Salamonson, Y., Trajkovski, S. & Fernandez, R. (2013) Demographic and academic-related differences between standard-entry and graduate-entry nursing students: A prospective correlational survey. Nurse Education Today, 33(7), 709-713.

Horn, L. & Maw, C. (1994) Undergraduates Who Work While Enrolled in Postsecondary Education: 1989-1990, Contractor Report. National Center for Education Statistics, Washington, DC, 1994 (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED419461).

Kerr, R.A., Beck, D.E., Doss, J., Draugalis, J.R., Huang, E., Irwin, A., Patel, A., Raehl, C.L., Reed, B., Speedie, M.K., Maine, L.L. & Athay, J. (2009) Building a sustainable system of leadership development for pharmacy: report of the 2008-09 Argus Commission. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 73 Suppl, S5.

Kidd, R. & Latif, D. (2003) Traditional and Novel Predictors of Classroom and Clerkship Success of Pharmacy Students. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 67, 1-6.

Kiersma, M.E., Plake, K.S. & Mason, H.L. (2011) Relationship between admission data and pharmacy student involvement in extracurricular activities. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 75, 155.

Kuncel, N.R., Crede, M., Thomas, L.L., Klieger, D.M., Woo, S.E. & woo, B.S. (2005) A meta-analysis of the validity of the Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT) and grade predictors of pharmacy student performance. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 69, 339-347.

Mar, E., Barnett, M.J., Tang,, T.T.L., Sasaki-Hill, D., Kuperberg, J.R. & Knapp, K. (2010) Impact of previous pharmacy work experience on pharmacy school academic performance. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 74, 42.

McCall, K.L., Maclaughlin, E.J., Fike, D.S. & Ruiz, B.(2007) Preadmission predictors of PharmD graduates' performance on the NAPLEX. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 71, 5.

Meagher, D.G., Lin, A. & Stellato, C.P. (2006) A predictive validity study of the Pharmacy College Admission Test. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 70, 53.

Meagher, D.G., Pan, T. & Perez, C.D. (2011)

Predicting performance in the first-year of pharmacy school. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 75, 81.

Renzi, S.E., Krzeminski, M.A., Sauberan, M.M., Brazeau, D.A. & Brazeau, G.A. (2007) Prepharmacy years in college and academic performance in a professional program. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 71, 69.

Schauner, S., Hardinger, K.L., Graham, M.R. & Garavalia, L. (2013) Admission variables predictive of academic struggle in a PharmD program. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 77, 8.

Siracuse, M.V., Schondelmeyer, S.W., Hadsall, R.S. & Schommer, J.C. (2008) Third-year pharmacy students' work experience and attitudes and perceptions of the pharmacy profession. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 72, 50.

Slack, M.K. & Murphy, J.E. (1995) Faculty Influence and Other Factors Associated with Student Membership in Professional Organizations. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 59, 125-130.

White, S.J. (2005) Will there be a pharmacy leadership crisis? An ASHP Foundation Scholar-in-Residence report. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 62, 845-855.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
article/comments.tpl article/footer.tpl