Trends in drug information education in different first- professional degree pharmacy programmes in the Arabian Gulf region

Dalal Al-Taweel, Asmaa Al-Haqan, Shaima Elmetennawy, Abdullah M Alhammad


Objectives: Pharmacists play an essential role in providing reliable drug information. This puts pressure on pharmacy schools to enhance teaching to prepare students who are competent in contemporary drug information activities. This study aimed to characterise trends in drug information education in countries of the Arabian Gulf.

Methods: All pharmacy schools in the Arabian Gulf region were identified from the International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) Official World List of Pharmacy Schools and included in this study. Deans of pharmacy schools, heads of pharmacy practice departments or course coordinators were identified via the schools’ websites and sent an electronic survey addressing drug information education (developed according to consensus-driven drug information education objectives).

Results: Twenty-four schools of pharmacy were identified for inclusion and contacted to participate in the study. Fifteen schools replied with a completed survey (response rate of 63%). Didactic drug information courses were provided in all of the schools surveyed, with more than half of those schools providing it in Year 4 of the programme. Experiential training was a required rotation in 57% of the schools surveyed. Less than half of drug information instructors in the region had completed any postgraduate training in drug information.

Conclusion: Drug information education in schools of pharmacy in countries of the Arabian Gulf is continuing to evolve. More emphasis has to be placed on transitioning teaching from the university to experiential rotations in order to complete the drug information learning cycle for students, from theory to practice


Arabian Gulf; Drug Information; Experiential Training; Pharmacy Education

Full Text:



Alhamoudi, A. & Alnattah, A. (2018). Pharmacy education in Saudi Arabia: The past, the present, and the future. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, 10(1), 54-60

Aljadhey, H., Asiri, Y., Albogami, Y., Spratto, G. & Alshehric, M. (2017). Pharmacy education in Saudi Arabia: A vision of the future. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 25, 99-92

Alwazaify, M., Matowe, L., Albsoul-Yonus, A. & Alomran, O.A. (2006). Pharmacy Education in Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. American Journal of Pharmacy Education, 70(1), 18

American College of Clinical Pharmacy. (2000). ACCP White Paper: A vision of pharmacy's future roles, responsibilities, and manpower needs in the United States. Pharmacotherapy, 20, 991-1022

Beswick, T. & Wills, S. (2016). Medicines information training in the UK. Hospital Pharmacy Europe, 81. Available on: pharmacy-practice/medicines-information-training-uk

Cole, S.W. & Berensen, N.M. (2005).Comparison of drug information practice curriculum components in US colleges of pharmacy. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 69, 240-44

Davis, S.K. & Krucke, L.B. (1994). Drug information training and experience at U.S. schools of pharmacy. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 58, 157-64

FIMEA [Finnish Medicines Agency]. (2012). Rational use of medicines through information and guidance: Medicines Information Services: Current state and the strategy for 2020. Serial publication FIMEA Develops, Assesses and Informs. Available on: https:// 542809/838272/21513_KAI_JULKAISUSARJA_Laakei nformaatiostrategia_1_2012_eng_links.pdf

Ghaibi, S., Ipema, H & Gabay, M. (2015). ASHP Guidelines on the Pharmacist's Role in Providing Drug Information. American Journal of Health System Pharmacy, 72, 573-7

Hämeen-Anttila, K. (2015). Strategic development of medicines information: Expanding key global initiatives. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 12(3), 535-40

FIP [International Pharmaceutical Federation]. (2008). FIP Statement of Policy: Medicines Information For Patients. Approved by the FIP Council in Basil. Available at: id=290&table_id. Accessed 23 September, 2015.

FIP [International Pharmaceutical Federation]. (2018). Official world list of pharmacy schools. Available at: list-of-pharmacy-schools/ Accessed 25 August, 2015

Kenreigh, C, & Wagner, L. (2006). Pharmacists' Role in Healthcare Still Evolving. Medscape Pharmacists, 8(2)

Kheir, N.1., Zaidan, M, Younes, H. El Hajj, M., Wilbur, K. &Jewesson, P.J. (2008). Pharmacy education and practice in 13 Middle Eastern countries. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 72(6),133

Kirschenbaum, H.L. & Rosenberg, J.M. (1984). Educational programs offered by colleges of pharmacy and drug information centers within the United States. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 48, 155-57

Mullins, B., D’Elia, R.P., Barnes, C.L. & Fleming, C.M. (1995). Comparison of drug information course curricula in schools and colleges of pharmacy. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 59, 55-59

Sarheed, O., Alazzawi, A.M. & Nagavi, B. (2014). Pharmacy Education in the United Arab Emirates. American Journal of Pharmacy Education, 87(2), 45

Slawson, D. & Shaughnessy, A. (2005). Teaching Evidence-Based Medicine: Should We Be Teaching Information Management Instead? Academic Medicine, 80(7), 685-689

Troutman, W.G. (1994). Consensus-derived objectives for drug information education. Drug Information Journal, 28, 791-6

Wang, F., Troutman, W.G., Seo T., Peak, A. & Rosenberg, J.M. (2006). Drug information education in doctor of pharmacy programs. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 70,1-7

Wood, E., Morrison, J. & Oppenheimer, P. (1990) Drug information skills for pharmacy students: curriculum integration. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association, 78, 8-14


  • There are currently no refbacks.
article/comments.tpl article/footer.tpl