RESEARCH ARTICLE: Pharmacists’ practices and challenges regarding Continuing Professional Development in Mpumalanga province, South Africa

Authors

  • Lisbeth Cathrine Gumede Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Ga-Rankuwa, South Africa
  • Elvera Helberg Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Ga-Rankuwa, South Africa
  • Selente Bezuidenhout Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Ga-Rankuwa, South Africa https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1198-7878

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2021.211.247254

Keywords:

Continuing education, Continuing professional development, CPD online recording system, Pharmacy education, South African Pharmacy Council

Abstract

Introduction: The study aimed to assess the extent to which pharmacists in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa, voluntarily participated in recording their CPD activities on the CPD online recording system of the South African Pharmacy Council (SAPC), and to identify associated challenges.   

Methods: A quantitative, descriptive study was conducted. Data were collected using Survey Monkey from 578 registered pharmacists over a four month period. Responses were exported to Microsoft Excel and analysed using SPSS version 25.   

Results: The response rate was 25.4%. Most pharmacists (87%) agreed that CPD was necessary. While 64% participated in CPD activities, only 24.8% recorded these activities voluntarily. Challenges faced with participating in recording activities included recording of CPDs is currently not mandatory (27.3%), lack of information (27.3%), lack of interest (27.3%), time constraints (39.1%) and system/programme issues (26.1%) were also cited as reasons for not recording CPD activities.   

Conclusion: Improving the ease of accessing the SAPC system (83.7%) was suggested as a way to improve participation in CPD activities and subsequent recording online.

Author Biographies

Lisbeth Cathrine Gumede, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Ga-Rankuwa, South Africa

School of Pharmacy

Elvera Helberg, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Ga-Rankuwa, South Africa

School of Pharmacy

Selente Bezuidenhout, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Ga-Rankuwa, South Africa

School of Pharmacy

References

Adepu, R., &Shariff, A. (2010). Development, validation and implementation of continuous professional development programmes for community pharmacists. Indian journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 72(5), 557. https://doi.org/10.4103/0250-474X.78520

Alkhateeb, F. M., Attarabeen, O. F., &Alameddine, S. (2016). Assessment of Texan pharmacists' attitudes, behaviors, and preferences related to continuing pharmacy education. Pharmacy Practice (Granada), 14(3), 0-0. https://doi.org/10.18549/PharmPract.2016.03.769

Aziz, Z., Jet, C. N., & Rahman, S. S. A. (2013). Continuing professional development: views and barriers toward participation among Malaysian pharmacists. The European Journal of Social & Behavioural Sciences, 4(1), 713. https://doi.org/10.15405/FutureAcademy/ejsbs(2301-2218).2012.4.6

Bellanger, R. A., & Shank, T. C. (2010). Continuing professional development in Texas: survey of pharmacists’ knowledge and attitudes: 2008. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association, 50(3), 368-374. https://doi.org/10.1331/JAPhA.2010.09011

Donyai, P., Herbert, R. Z., Denicolo, P. M., & Alexander, A. M. (2011). British pharmacy professionals' beliefs and participation in continuing professional development: a review of the literature. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 19(5), 290-317. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2042-7174.2011.00128.x

FIP policy statement. (2002). Available at: https://www.fip.org/files/fip/WHO/GPP%20guidelines%20FIP%20publication_final.pdf

Gelayee, D. A., Mekonnen, G. B., &Birarra, M. K. (2018). Involvement of community pharmacists in continuing professional development (CPD): a baseline survey in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia. Globalization and health, 14(1), 15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0334-0

Grappasonni, I., Tayebati, S. K., Petrelli, F., &Amenta, F. (2014). The Pharmacist Knowledge and Computer Skills Towards E-health. Results of A Survey Among Italian Community Pharmacists. Journal of Bioinformatics and Diabetes, 1(1), 50. https://doi.org/10.14302/issn.2374-9431.jbd-13-330

International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP). (2014). Continuing Professional Development/Continuing Education in Pharmacy: Global Report. The Hague, The Netherlands. https://www.fip.org/file/1407

Kasvosve, I., Ledikwe, J. H., Phumaphi, O., Mpofu, M., Nyangah, R., Motswaledi, M. S., Martin, R., &Semo, B. W. (2014). Continuing professional development training needs of medical laboratory personnel in Botswana. Human resources for health, 12(1), 46. https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-4491-12-46

Kenya Pharmacy and Poisons Board. (2013). CPD among Pharmacy Professionals- Assessment Report on Status of Implementation in Kenya. Available from: http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/documents/s21952en/s21952en.pdf

Kostrzewski, A. J., Dhillon, S., Goodsman, D., & Taylor, K. M. (2009). The influence of continuing professional development portfolio records on pharmacy practice. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 17(2), 107-113. https://doi.org/10.1211/ijpp.17.02.0006

Laaksonen, R., Duggan, C., & Bates, I. (2009). Overcoming barriers to engagement in continuing professional development in community pharmacy: a longitudinal study. Pharmaceutical Journal, 282(7535), 44-48. https://www.pharmaceutical-journal.com/download?ac=1066302

Marriott, J. L., Duncan, G. J., & Namara, K. P. M. (2007). Barriers to pharmacist participation in continuing education in Australia. Pharmacy education, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/15602210601084176

McConnell, K. J., Delate, T., & Newlon, C. L. (2012). Impact of continuing professional development versus traditional continuing pharmacy education on learning behaviors. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association, 52(6), 742-752. https://doi.org/10.1331/JAPhA.2012.11080

Moyo, N.T., &Renard, C. (2016). Functions of a Professional Association: Module 4. The Professional Association Strengthening Project. Available at: http://www.strongprofassoc.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/PAS-Module-4-May2016.pdf

National Department of Health, South Africa. (2019, June 6). Regulations relating to continuing professional development. Available at: https://www.gpwonline.co.za

Owen, J. A., Skelton, J. B., & Maine, L. L. (2020). Advancing the Adoption of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) in the United States. Pharmacy, 8, 157. ttps://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy8030157

Pharmacy Act. (1974). Available at: https://www.sapc.za.org/Media/Default/Documents/CPD%20regulations%20-%20English%20(003).pdf

Pharmacy Board of Australia. (2015). Guidelines on Continuing Professional Development. Available at http://www.pharmacyboard.gov.au/News/2015-10-30-registration-standards.aspx

Power, A., Johnson, B. J., Diack, H. L., McKellar, S., Stewart, D., & Hudson, S. A. (2008). Scottish pharmacists’ views and attitudes towards continuing professional development. Pharmacy World & Science, 30(1), 136-143. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-007-9156-5

Rouse, M. J. (2004). Continuing professional development in pharmacy. Journal of Pharmacy Technology, 20(5), 303-306. https://doi.org/10.1177/875512250402000509

Saade, S., Ghazala, F., Farhat, A., & Hallit, S. (2018). Attitudes towards continuous professional development: a study of pharmacists in Lebanon. Pharmacy Practice (Granada), 16(1). https://doi.org/10.18549/PharmPract.2018.01.1103

South African Pharmacy Council (SAPC). (2019). Intern and tutor manual for the pre-registration experience of pharmacist interns. Available at https://www.pharmcouncil.co.za/Media/Default/Documents/2019%20Intern%20and%20Tutor%20Manual-1.pdf

South African Pharmacy Council (SAPC). (2018, November 12). Statistics for registered persons and organisations. Available at: https://interns.pharma.mm3.co.za/Statistics

Thompson, W., &Nissen, L. M. (2013). Australian pharmacists' understanding of their continuing professional development obligations. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, 43(3), 213-217. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2055-2335.2013.tb00257.x

Tran, D., Tofade, T., Thakkar, N., & Rouse, M. (2014). US and international health professions’ requirements for continuing professional development. American journal of pharmaceutical education, 78(6), 129. https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe786129

Wheeler, J. S., & Chisholm-Burns, M. (2018). The benefit of continuing professional development for continuing pharmacy education. American journal of pharmaceutical education, 82(3), 6461. https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe6461

Published

30/07/2021

Issue

Section

Research Article