REVIEW: It matters how we do it: A review of best practices of Observed Structured Clinical Examination in pharmacy education


  • Ejaz Cheema University of Birmingham, United Kingdom
  • Majid Ali Batterjee Medical College, Saudi Arabia & University of Adelaide, Australia



Pharmacy, Skills assessment, Performance-based assessment, OSCE


Objective: Since the introduction of the Observed Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) in medical education more than four decades ago, OSCEs have been adopted by a majority of healthcare professional education programmes, including pharmacy. This article aims to review the best practices as well as explore novel approaches to the use of OSCE in pharmacy education.

Method: As with any assessment method, the development of OSCE stations starts with blueprinting. Personnel involved in the OSCE are briefed and adequately trained, based on their expertise and prior experience to ensure the efficient running of the OSCE as well as help maintain the reliability and validity of the assessment process.

Conclusion: The OSCE assesses a range of clinical and communication skills, yet it is resource-intensive and requires extensive planning. However, it must be considered an important and essential means to develop and assess the skills required by the pharmacy graduates for safe future practice.

Author Biographies

Ejaz Cheema, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom

School of Pharmacy

Majid Ali , Batterjee Medical College, Saudi Arabia & University of Adelaide, Australia

College of Pharmacy & Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences


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How to Cite

Cheema, E., & Ali , M. . (2021). REVIEW: It matters how we do it: A review of best practices of Observed Structured Clinical Examination in pharmacy education. Pharmacy Education, 21, p. 283–291.