RESEARCH ARTICLE: A SWOC analysis on the impact of COVID-19 through pharmacy student leaders’ perspectives

Authors

  • Hend Al-Naimi Qatar University, Qatar
  • Bassant Elkattan Qatar University, Qatar
  • Hiba Mohammed Qatar University, Qatar
  • Laila Shafei Qatar University, Qatar
  • Marwa Elshazly Qatar University, Qatar
  • Alla El-Awaisi Qatar University, Qatar https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7930-3351

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2020.202.226233

Keywords:

COVID-19;, online learning;, pharmacy student, pharmacy education;, undergraduate education;, SWOC analysis

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused disruptions in many aspects of life across the globe including education provision. This pandemic led to major and rapid restructuring of curricula and assessments as student suddenly moved to unfamiliar learning environment. Active involvement of students in the education process and curricula reform is encouraged. This paper aimed to explore pharmacy student leaders’ perspectives related to their learning during COVID-19 pandemic in terms of strengths, weakness, opportunities, challenges and recommendations to move forward. A meeting with pharmacy student leaders was convened. Each student leader individually reflected on their experiences using a structured SWOC (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Challenges) framework which was then used to guide discussion. Each student then rated anonymously the importance and the probability of the themes to come up with overall score. Online learning came with both negative and positive aspects from the students’ point of view. Despite the efforts that were made by the college and students to adapt to the new educational system, there were drawbacks that may have affected the quality of the education. However, during these unprecedented circumstances, the pandemic has given pharmacy students plenty of opportunities that could positively affect their future career and the delivery of pharmacy education. Pharmacy programmes need to implement strategies within their programmes about disaster preparedness and build student resilience and wellbeing.

Author Biographies

Hend Al-Naimi, Qatar University, Qatar

College of Pharmacy, QU Health

Bassant Elkattan, Qatar University, Qatar

College of Pharmacy, QU Health

Hiba Mohammed, Qatar University, Qatar

College of Pharmacy, QU Health

Laila Shafei, Qatar University, Qatar

College of Pharmacy, QU Health

Marwa Elshazly , Qatar University, Qatar

College of Pharmacy, QU Health

Alla El-Awaisi, Qatar University, Qatar

College of Pharmacy, QU Health

References

Aithal, P.S., & Kumar P.M. (2015). Applying SWOC Analysis to an Institution of Higher Education. International Journal of Management, IT and Engineering, 5(7), 231-247

Alqurshi, A. (2020). Investigating the impact of COVID-19 lockdown on pharmaceutical education in Saudi Arabia – A call for a remote teaching contingency strategy. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 28(9), 1075-1083. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsps.2020.07.008

Beck, C.T. (1995). Burnout in undergraduate nursing students. Nurse Educator, 20(4), 19-23. https://doi.org/10.1097/00006223-199507000-00008

Bron, J., & Veugelers, W. (2014). Why we need to involve our students in curriculum design: Five arguments for student voice. Curriculum and Teaching Dialogue, 16(1/2), 125-159

Brooman, S., Darwent, S., & Pimor, A. (2015). The student voice in higher education curriculum design: is there value in listening? Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 52(6), 663-674. https://doi.org/10.1080/14703297.2014.910128

Byrne, L., Gavin, B., & McNicholas, F. (2020). Medical students and COVID-19: the need for pandemic preparedness. Journal of Medical Ethics, 46(9), 623-626. https://doi.org/10.1136/medethics-2020-106353

Campos, J.A.D.B., Jordani, P.C., Zucoloto, M.L., Bonafé, F.S.S., & Maroco, J. (2012). Burnout syndrome among dental students. Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, 15, 155-165. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2012000100014

Cao, W., Fang, Z., Hou, G., Han, M., Xu, X., Dong, J., & Zheng, J. (2020). The psychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry Research, 287. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112934

Chandratre, S. (2020). Medical Students and COVID-19: Challenges and Supportive Strategies. Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development, 7, 1-2. https://doi.org/10.1177/2382120520935059

Chen, E., Kaczmarek, K., & Ohyama, H. (2020). Student perceptions of distance learning strategies during COVID-19. Journal of Dental Education, 2020, 1-2. https://doi.org/10.1002/jdd.12339

Dunn, L.B., Iglewicz, A., & Moutier, C. (2008). A conceptual model of medical student well-being: promoting resilience and preventing burnout. Academic Psychiatry, 32(1), 44-53. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ap.32.1.44

Dyrbye, L.N., Thomas, M.R., Massie, F.S., Power, D.V., Eacker, A., Harper, W., Durning, S., Moutier, Szydlo, D.W., Novotny, P.J., Sloan, J.A., & Shanafelt, T.D. (2008). Burnout and suicidal ideation among U.S. medical students. Annals of Internal Medicine, 149(5), 334-341. https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-149-5-200809020-00008

Elbeddini, A., Prabaharan, T., Almasalkhi, S., & Tran, C. (2020). Pharmacists and COVID-19. Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice, 13(36). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40545-020-00241-3

Fuller, K.A., Heldenbrand, S.D. Smith, M.D., & Malcom, D.R. (2020). A Paradigm Shift in US Experiential Pharmacy Education Accelerated by the COVID-19 Pandemic. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 84(6). https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe8149

Gouda, P., Kirk, A., Sweeney, A.M., & O'Donovan, D. (2019). Attitudes of Medical Students Toward Volunteering in Emergency Situations. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 14(3), 308-311. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2019.81

Gulf times (2020). QU-CPH conducts final year OSCE exam online to counter Covid-19. Available at: https://m.gulf-times.com/story/660913/QU-CPH-conducts-final-year-OSCE-exam-online-to-counter-Covid-19

Gürel, E., & Tat, M. (2017). SWOT analysis: a theoretical review. Journal of International Social Research, 10(51), 994-1006. https://doi.org/10.17719/jisr.2017.1832

Harvey, A. (2020). Covid-19—Medical students face disruption and uncertainty. Available at: https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2020/03/16/anna-harvey-covid-19-medical-students-face-disruption-and-uncertainty/

Jervis, C.G., & Brown, L.R. (2020). The prospects of sitting 'end of year' open book exams in the light of COVID-19: A medical student's perspective. Medical Teacher, 42(7), 830-831. https://doi.org/10.1080/0142159X.2020.1766668

LaConte, G. (2017). How Do I Make a Weighted SWOT Diagram? Available at: https://laconteconsulting.com/2017/12/16/how-do-i-make-a-weighted-swot/

Lyons, K.M., Christopoulos, A., & Brock, T.P. (2020). Sustainable Pharmacy Education in the Time of COVID-19. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 84(6). https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe8088

Marshall, L.L., Allison, A., Nykamp, D., & Lanke, S. (2008). Perceived stress and quality of life among doctor of pharmacy students. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 72(6), 137-137. https://doi.org/10.5688/aj7206137

Muilenburg, K. (2020). How The Coronavirus Pandemic Is Impacting Pharmacy School Life – A Student’s Perspective. Available at: https://www.idstewardship.com/coronavirus-pandemic-impacting-pharmacy-school-life-students-perspective/

Schlesselman, L.S., Cain, J., & DiVall, M. (2020). Improving and Restoring the Well-being and Resilience of Pharmacy Students during a Pandemic. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 84(6). https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe8144

Senior, R.M., Bartholomew, P., Soor, A., Shepperd, D., Bartholomew, N., & Senior, C. (2018). The Rules of Engagement: Student Engagement and Motivation to Improve the Quality of Undergraduate Learning. Frontiers in Education, 3(32). https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2018.00032

Stoffel, J.M., & Cain, J. (2018). Review of Grit and Resilience Literature within Health Professions Education. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 82(2). https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe6150

Stone, J.K., & Pate, A.N. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 Through the Eyes of a Fourth-Year Pharmacy Student. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 84(6). https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe8146

Tribune News Network. (2020). Pharmacy students from across world discuss opportunities from coronavirus at QU-CPH webinar [Press release]. Available at: https://www.qatar-tribune.com/news-details/id/192244/pharmacy-students-from-across-world-discuss-opportunities-from-coronavirus-at-qu-cph-webinar

UNESCO. (2020). Education: From disruption to recovery. Available at: https://en.unesco.org/covid19/educationresponse

Wilbur, K. (2016). Evaluating the online platform of a blended-learning pharmacist continuing education degree program. Medical Education Online, 21. https://doi.org/10.3402/meo.v21.31832

Wilbur, K., & Jewesson, P. (2010). Lecture-capture: the early Qatar experience. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 74(10)

Wong, R.Y. (2020). Medical education during COVID-19: Lessons from a pandemic. British Columbia Medical Journal, 62(5), 170-171

Published

11/01/2021

Issue

Section

COVID-19 Research Paper