RESEARCH ARTICLE: Emergency compounding of COVID-19 medicines: A readiness programme to up-skill pharmacy graduates in Namibia

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2020.202.117123

Keywords:

COVID-19, Compounding, Emergence, Medicines, Pharmacy Education

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated inequitable access to medicines in sub-Saharan Africa, mainly due to limited capabilities for local manufacture.

Aim: To describe priority medicine lists and critical skill sets required for an emergency compounding of COVID-19 medicines training programme.

Methods: An evaluation of the COVID-19 emergency compounding readiness programme for the University of Namibia pharmacy graduates. The main outcomes were enhanced skill sets in compounding, quality control, and regulation of priority COVID-19 medicines. Data on outcomes were thematically analysed.

Results: Fifty- eight pharmacy graduates demonstrated competence in emergency compounding, quality control, regulation, and provision of therapeutic information of COVID-19 medicines. A priority list and a skills set for emergency compounding of COVID-19 medicines were developed.

Conclusions: The upskilling of pharmacy graduates on emergency compounding of COVID-19 medicines has the potential to address inequalities in the rapid response and control of epidemics.

Author Biographies

Daniel Mavu, University of Namibia, Namibia

Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences

Mwangana Mubita, University of Namibia, Namibia

Department of Pharmacy Practice and Policy, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences, 

Qamar Niaz, University of Namibia, Namibia

Department of Pharmacy Practice and Policy, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences

Monde Lusepani, University of Namibia, Namibia

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Phytochemistry, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences

Seth Nowaseb, University of Namibia, Namibia

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Phytochemistry, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences

Tonata Enkara, University of Namibia, Namibia

Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences

Aiases Philomiene, University of Namibia, Namibia

Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences

 

Riana Pick, University of Namibia, Namibia

Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences

Dan Kibuule, University of Namibia, Namibia

Department of Pharmacy Practice and Policy, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences

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Published

11/01/2021

Issue

Section

COVID-19 Research Paper