RESEARCH ARTICLE: Impact of the COVID-19 national lockdown on pharmacy students’ productivity and their coping strategies in a developing country: An online survey in Nigerian universities


  • Abdulmuminu Isah University of Nigeria, Nigeria
  • Deborah Oyine Aluh University of Nigeria, Nigeria
  • Abubakar Abba University of Nigeria, Nigeria
  • Patrick Ogbonna Chukwu University of Nigeria, Nigeria
  • Ebere Mercy Okpara University of Nigeria, Nigeria
  • Abubakar Sadiq Abdullahi University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
  • Nneka Uchenna Igboeli University of Nigeria, Nigeria
  • Maxwell Ogochukwu Adibe University of Nigeria, Nigeria
  • Chukwuemeka Sylvester Nworu University of Nigeria, Nigeria



COVID-19, Pharmacy Students, Productivity, Coping Strategy, Online learning


Background: The COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria led to a national lockdown that resulted in the suspension of academic activities.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 national lockdown on pharmacy students’ productivity and their coping strategies.

Methods: This study involved the cross-sectional collection of responses from undergraduate students of six Nigerian schools of pharmacy. Data was collected using a structured, validated questionnaire in the form of Google form. The data was entered into a statistical product and service solutions software (SPSS, version-25) for analysis.

Results: A total of 808 students responded to the questionnaire. The majority of the students’ responses (757, 93.7%) showed that their reading duration had decreased during the lockdown. The most missed variable during the closure by students was ‘school life’ (303, 37.5%). The use of social media (133, 16.5%) was the most common coping strategy. The majority of the students, 544 (67.3%), agreed to participate in the virtual mode of learning. The cost of data was the main challenge to online learning by the students (288, 36.0%).

Conclusion: This study shows that the productivity of pharmacy students decreased during the COVID-19 lockdown. Social media and business activities were the most common coping mechanisms of pharmacy students. Pharmacy students were willing to accept virtual learning despite possible challenges.

Author Biographies

Abdulmuminu Isah, University of Nigeria, Nigeria

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management

Deborah Oyine Aluh, University of Nigeria, Nigeria

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, 

Abubakar Abba, University of Nigeria, Nigeria

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, 

Patrick Ogbonna Chukwu, University of Nigeria, Nigeria

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management

Ebere Mercy Okpara, University of Nigeria, Nigeria

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management

Abubakar Sadiq Abdullahi, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management

Nneka Uchenna Igboeli, University of Nigeria, Nigeria

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, 

Maxwell Ogochukwu Adibe, University of Nigeria, Nigeria

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, 

Chukwuemeka Sylvester Nworu, University of Nigeria, Nigeria

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology


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COVID-19 Research Paper