RESEARCH ARTICLE: Assessment of outcomes associated with a Moodle-based lesson design for a research course in pharmacy education: An experimental pilot process validation study




Course evaluation, Moodle online teaching, Pharmacy education, Research activity, Student self-reflection


Background: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of an online Moodle-based lesson for pharmacy students developed and designed for a research course focused on different methodologies, study variables, and research process applications.    

Methods: An experimental research methodology was used to determine the effectiveness of the Moodle-based lesson. All fourth term Pharm.D. students were required to complete and provide self-reflection reports. The outcome variables were cluster-based completion time, earned score, subjective feedback on contents, gender differences, and performance. Mean values were used to conduct statistical analysis, and a logistic regression model was applied to identify the significance of independent variables.    

Results: A total of 35 students completed the Moodle-based lesson. The mean earned score for the module was 81.0%, with an average completion time of 28.5 (range 26.8-30.1) hours. Females showed completion in less time compared to males. The reported knowledge and understanding showed a significant (p<0.001) pre-post increase in mean percentages in all three clusters. The intragroup pool analysis also reported significant (p<0.001) differences among gender and performance. The general feedback was limited to technical difficulties and self-reflection questions.   

Conclusions: The findings of this study showed that the online Moodle-based lesson module for a research course is an effective and validated tool to improve the knowledge and understanding of pharmacy students.

Author Biographies

Syed Wasif Gillani, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates

College of Pharmacy

Shabaz Mohiuddin Gulam, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates

Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy

Jumana Al-Salloum, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates

Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy

Rizah Anwar Assadi, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates

Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy


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How to Cite

Gillani, S. W., Mohiuddin Gulam, S. ., Al-Salloum, J. ., & Anwar Assadi, R. . (2021). RESEARCH ARTICLE: Assessment of outcomes associated with a Moodle-based lesson design for a research course in pharmacy education: An experimental pilot process validation study. Pharmacy Education, 21, p. 642–650.



Research Article