RESEARCH ARTICLE: Assessment of the nutritional knowledge of undergraduate pharmacy students: The need to advance nutrition education in the training of pharmacy students

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2021.211.310314

Keywords:

Education, Formative assessment, Knowledge, Nutrition, Pharmacy students

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to assess pharmacy students’ knowledge of aspects of nutrition relevant to pharmacy practice and as a means of imparting information through feedback to support learning and professional development.

Method: 230 pharmacy students completed a 30-item nutritional informal assessment questionnaire, along with confidence assessment questions. Students were asked about the sources of information they used to answer the knowledge assessment questions, their learning experience with regards to nutrition, and their inclination to learn more about nutrition.

Results: Generally, Year four pharmacy students had significantly higher scores than Year two students. However, their overall performance was still lower than that expected of graduate pharmacists. About 75.0% of the study participants agreed that they would like to learn more about nutrition.

Conclusion: This study indicates the need to integrate better nutritional education into the undergraduate pharmacy curriculum. The results also suggest a need for Malaysian schools of pharmacy to offer focused learning on nutrition aligned with national health priorities and the competency level in relation to nutrition of pharmacy graduates in the country.

Author Biographies

Juman Abdulelah Dujaili, Monash University Malaysia, Malaysia

School of Pharmacy

Ali Blebil, Monash University Malaysia, Malaysia

School of Pharmacy

David Chong, International Medical University, Malaysia

Department of Pharmacy Practice

References

Azer, S.A. (2015). Is Wikipedia a reliable learning resource for medical students? Evaluating respiratory topics. Advances in Physiology Education, 39(1), 5-14. https://doi.org/10.1152/advan.00110.2014

Chang, L., Popovich, N.G., Iramaneerat, C., Smith, E.V., & Lutfiyya, M.N. (2008). A Clinical Nutrition Course to Improve Pharmacy Students' Skills and Confidence in Counseling Patients. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 72(3), 66. https://doi.org/10.5688/aj720366

Cook, D.A., Levinson, A.J., Garside, S., Dupras, D.M., Erwin, P.J., & Montori, V.M. (2008). Internet-based learning in the health professions: A meta-analysis. JAMA, 300(10), 1181-1196. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.300.10.1181

Judd, T., & Elliott, K. (2017). Selection and Use of Online Learning Resources by First-Year Medical Students: Cross-Sectional Study. JMIR Medical Education, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.2196/mededu.7382

Kris-Etherton, P.M., Akabas, S.R., Bales, C.W., Bistrian, B., Braun, L., Edwards, M.S., Laur, C., Lenders, C.M., Levy, M.D., Palmer, C.A., Pratt, C.A., Ray, S., Rock, C.L., Saltzman, E., Seidner, D.L., & Van Horn, L. (2014). The need to advance nutrition education in the training of health care professionals and recommended research to evaluate implementation and effectiveness. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 99(5 Suppl). https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.073502

Macdiarmid, J.I., Gatenby, S.J., & Mason, P.M. (1993). The pharmacist as a nutrition educator? An assessment of nutritional knowledge and undergraduate training of community pharmacists. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 6(1), 39-47. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.1993.tb00346.x

Makowske, M., & Feinman, R.D. (2005). Nutrition education: a questionnaire for assessment and teaching. Nutrition Journal, 4(1), 2. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-4-2

Manolakis, P.G., & Skelton, J.B. (2010). Pharmacists' Contributions to Primary Care in the United States Collaborating to Address Unmet Patient Care Needs: The Emerging Role for Pharmacists to Address the Shortage of Primary Care Providers. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 74(10), https://doi.org/10.5688/aj7410s7

Munuo, A.E., Mugendi, B.W., Kisanga, O.A., & Otieno, G.O. (2016). Nutrition knowledge, attitudes and practices among healthcare workers in management of chronic kidney diseases in selected hospitals in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; a cross-sectional study. BMC Nutrition, 2(1), 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40795-016-0045-y

O'Carroll, A.M., Westby, E.P., Dooley, J., & Gordon, K.E. (2015). Information-Seeking Behaviors of Medical Students: A Cross-Sectional Web-Based Survey. JMIR Medical Education, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.2196/mededu.4267

Pearce, K.L., & Cross, G. (2013). A 4-Week Nutrition and Therapeutics Course in an Undergraduate Pharmacy Program. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 77(7), 154. https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe777154

Pogge, E. (2013). A Team-Based Learning Course on Nutrition and Lifestyle Modification. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 77(5), 103. https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe775103

Valdez, C.A., Thompson, D., Ulrich, H., Bi, H., & Paulsen, S. (2006). A Comparison of Pharmacy Students' Confidence and Test Performance. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 70(4), 76. https://doi.org/10.5688/aj700476

Published

09/08/2021

Issue

Section

Research Article