RESEARCH ARTICLE: Medication reconciliation knowledge among hospital pharmacists in Nigeria: A non-randomised controlled trial

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2021.211.528537

Keywords:

Knowledge assessment, Medication, Non-randomised controlled trial, Pharmacist, Reconciliation

Abstract

Background: Medication reconciliation (MR) is a patient-centred evolving role of pharmacists that improves patient’s health outcomes. 

Aim: To assess the effect of an educational intervention on pharmacists’ MR knowledge in two Nigerian tertiary hospitals. 

Methods: A two-arm parallel non-randomised controlled trial was carried out at two tertiary hospitals in Nigeria, one as intervention and the other as control site. Pharmacists’ MR knowledge was assessed pre-intervention and at one-, three- and six-month post-intervention. The intervention consisted of seminar and role-plays. Data were summarised with descriptive and inferential statistics. 

Results: A total of 75 pharmacists completed the study. Scores for pre-intervention out of a total of 38 was 19.31±4.76 in the intervention group and 17.50±6.86 in the control group. Post-intervention assessment scores (University College Hospital vs University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital) at one, three and six months were 29.82±5.01 vs 25.97±5.31, 31.53±4.99 vs 26.10±5.20, and 31.69±4.10 vs 23.07±3.98, respectively (p < 0.01). 

Conclusion: The educational intervention led to improved pharmacists’ MR knowledge.

Author Biographies

Akinniyi A. Aje , University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Administration, Faculty of Pharmacy

Segun J. Showande, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Administration, Faculty of Pharmacy

Titilayo O. Fakeye, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Administration, Faculty of Pharmacy

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Published

23/09/2021

Issue

Section

Research Article