RESEARCH ARTICLE: Pharmacy education, workforce, practice, and sciences in Lebanon: Benchmarking with the FIP Development Goals

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2021.211.105120

Keywords:

Developmental goals, Pharmacy education, Pharmacy practice, Pharmacy Profession, Pharmacy research, Strategic planning

Abstract

Background: In 2020, the International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) published a set of 21 global development goals (DGs) that bring together workforce/education [W], practice [P], and science [S] in a transformative framework, defining an improved and more advanced pharmacy profession for the next decade. This paper aims to benchmark the context of the Lebanese pharmacy profession with the respective elements of the FIP DGs to optimise the previously suggested strategic plan.    

Methods: A group of pharmacy researchers with extensive academic, professional, and post-educational experience endeavoured to map the FIP DGs with the work produced in Lebanon, describing the current situation. The documents mapped were sought from published literature and white papers developed by academia and the Order of Pharmacists of Lebanon (OPL), the national pharmacists’ association.   

Results: This study found that efforts are necessary to bridge the gap between the current situation of the pharmacy profession in Lebanon and optimal practice. In the short term, existing projects should be immediately implemented, e.g. pharmacy curricula reforms and accreditation, post-graduate training, recognising pharmacy specialities, organising the profession, and assessing advanced competencies. In parallel, related policies and regulations should be updated. Cultural changes, involving closer ties between education and practice, are required to reform the pharmacy profession. In the medium term, a national research strategy, including early-career scientists mentoring and assessment tools validation, is necessary. Digitalising the patient profile and medication safety reporting and updating the pharmacists’ database through appropriate platforms are also essential steps toward modernising pharmacy.   

Conclusion: Authorities and stakeholders should combine and coordinate efforts to implement existing plans and develop necessary strategies for optimizing pharmacy education, workforce, practice, and research, which is expected to bridge the gap between the challenging current situation of the profession in Lebanon and its optimal future development, for the best of the pharmacist and the patient’s health.

Author Biographies

Hala Sacre, Institut National de Santé Publique, Épidémiologie Clinique et Toxicologie -Liban, Beirut, Lebanon

INSPECT - LB

Marwan Akel, Lebanese International University, Lebanon

School of Pharmacy, Lebanese International University & Institut National de Santé Publique, Épidémiologie Clinique et Toxicologie -Liban

Rony Zeenny, American University Beirut Medical Center, Lebanon

Clinical Pharmacy Department

Aline Hajj, Saint-Joseph University, Lebanon

Laboratory of Pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacy and Drug Quality Control, Faculty of Pharmacy, Pôle Technologie-Santé (PTS), Faculty of Pharmacy

Souheil Hallit, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik (USEK), Lebanon

Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences & Institut National de Santé Publique, Épidémiologie Clinique et Toxicologie -Liban

Pascale Salameh, Lebanese University, Lebanon

Faculty of Pharmacy, Lebanon & School of Medicine, University of Nicosia, Nicosia, Cyprus

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Published

12/06/2021

Issue

Section

Research Article