RESEARCH ARTICLE: The relationship between academic resilience and academic performance among pharmacy students

Authors

  • Usman Abubakar Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7549-2877
  • Nur Ain Shafiqah Mohd Azli International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Izzatil Aqmar Hashim International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Nur Fatin Adlin Kamarudin International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Nur Ain Izzati Abdul Latif International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Abdul Rahman Mohamad Badaruddin International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Zulkifli Razak International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Nur Ain Zaidan International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2021.211.705712

Keywords:

Academic performance, Academic resilience, Malaysia, Pharmacy student, Relationship

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate academic resilience and investigate its relationship with academic performance among undergraduate pharmacy students.   

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among undergraduate pharmacy students in a public university in Malaysia using an adapted and pretested 16-item academic pharmacy resilience scale (APRS-16). Demographic and academic performance data were collected using an online self-administered questionnaire from December 2019 and January 2020 and analysed using descriptive and inferential analyses.   

Results: A total of 247 students completed the survey (response rate was 55.6%). Overall, the students had moderate academic resilience score (median: 59; interquartile range [IQR]: 37 – 80). Female students had significantly higher academic resilience score than males (60 [41 – 80] versus 56 [37 – 69]). Academic resilience score was higher among year one students (62 [42 – 74]) compared to year two (57.5 [37 – 80]), year three (59 [37 – 78]) and year four (58 [44 – 77]) students. There was a positive relationship between academic resilience score and students’ cumulative grade point average (CGPA) (r = 0.250) and GPA (r = 0.154).   

Conclusion: Undergraduate pharmacy students have moderate academic resilience. Academic resilience varies based on gender and year of study, and it is significantly associated with academic performance.

Author Biographies

Usman Abubakar, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia

Discipline of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Nur Ain Shafiqah Mohd Azli, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

Faculty of Pharmacy

Izzatil Aqmar Hashim, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

Faculty of Pharmacy

Nur Fatin Adlin Kamarudin, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

Faculty of Pharmacy

Nur Ain Izzati Abdul Latif, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

Faculty of Pharmacy

Abdul Rahman Mohamad Badaruddin, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

Faculty of Pharmacy

Muhammad Zulkifli Razak, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

Faculty of Pharmacy

Nur Ain Zaidan, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

Faculty of Pharmacy

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Published

19/11/2021

Issue

Section

Research Article