RESEARCH ARTICLE: Factors influencing career paths in Infectious Disease and/or HIV pharmacy: An exploratory study of pharmacy school graduates

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2021.211.577581

Keywords:

Careers, Elective, HIV, Pharmacy specialities

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to determine what impact an elective course in HIV had on pursuing a speciality in Infectious Disease (ID) and/or Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) pharmacy.   

Methods:  Graduates enrolled in an HIV elective in three subsequent years were recruited. A cross-sectional study assessed what career path participants chose post-graduation, what impact the elective had on their career path, and if they obtained the AAHIVE/AAHIVP credential using this elective to fulfil the credential’s educational requirement.   

Results: Three hundred and twenty-five emails were sent to graduates. Sixty-eight (20.9%) participants responded. Ten of the respondents (14.7%) considered themselves to be practising in ID pharmacy and/or HIV pharmacy. Of these ten respondents, four indicated that taking the HIV elective made them more likely to become an ID or HIV pharmacy specialist; seven of those respondents became, or are planning to become, an AAHIVE/AAHIVP-credentialed pharmacist.   

Conclusion: Taking an HIV elective may influence post-graduation career choices in this small cohort.

Author Biographies

Lindsey M. Childs-Kean, University of Florida College of Pharmacy, United States

Department of Pharmacotherapy and Translational Research

Sita Bhatt, University of Florida College of Pharmacy, United States

  

Eric F. Egelund, University of Florida College of Pharmacy, United States

Department of Pharmacotherapy and Translational Research

References

American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Alumni Survey (2020): 2020 National summary report. Available at: https://www.aacp.org/sites/default/files/2020-09/2020-alumni-survey-national%20summary%20report.pdf

American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Alumni Survey (2019): 2019 National summary report. Available at: https://www.aacp.org/sites/default/files/2019-09/2019-alumni-survey-national%20summary%20report.pdf

American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Alumni Survey (2018): 2018 National summary report. Available at: https://www.aacp.org/sites/default/files/2018-09/2018-alumni-survey-national%20summary%20report_final.pdf

American Academy of HIV Medicine. (2021, May 13). Available at: http://aahivm.org

ASHP Match Statistics (2021). Available at: https://natmatch.com/ashprmp/stats.html

Baia, P., & Strang, A. (2012). An elective course to promote academic pharmacy as a career. American journal of pharmaceutical education, 76(2), 30. https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe76230

Bryles Phillips, B., Bourg, C. A., Guffey, W. J., & Phillips, B. G. (2012). An elective course on postgraduate residency training. American journal of pharmaceutical education, 76(9), 174. https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe769174

Cordina, M., Lauri, M. A., & Lauri, J. (2012). Career paths and personality in pharmacy. International journal of clinical pharmacy, 34(6), 876–884. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-012-9686-3

Kelley, K. A., Sweet, B. V., Janke, K. K., Plake, K. S., & Yee, G. C. (2019). Employment Trends for Doctor of Pharmacy Graduates of Research-Intensive Institutions, 2013-2017. American journal of pharmaceutical education, 83(2), 6864. https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe6864.

Lent R.W., Hackett G, Brown S.D. (2000). Contextual supports and barriers to career choice: a social cognitive analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47(1),36-49. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.47.1.36

Levaillant, M., Levaillant, L., Lerolle, N., Vallet, B., & Hamel-Broza, J-F. Factors influencing medical students’ choice of specialization: a gender based systematic review. (2020). EClinicalMedicine, 28:100589. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2020.100589

McLaughlin, M., Gordon, L. A., Kleyn, T. J., Lamsen, M., & Scott, J. (2018). Assessment of the benefits of and barriers to HIV pharmacist credentialing. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association : JAPhA, 58(2), 168–173.e3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.japh.2017.12.010.

Overholser, B. R., Foster, D. R., Henry, J. R., Plake, K. S., & Sowinski, K. M. (2010). The influence of an elective introductory clinical research course on pharmacy student interest in pursuing research-based careers. American journal of pharmaceutical education, 74(9), 165. https://doi.org/10.5688/aj7409165

Steinberg, M. & Cooper, M. (2015). Impact of an oncology pharmacy elective course on guiding Doctor of Pharmacy students toward specializing in oncology pharmacy. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning. 7(5), 621-626. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cptl.2015.06.001

Yoon, J.D., Ham, S.A., Reddy, S.T., & Curlin, F.A. (2018). Role models’ influence on specialty choice for residency training: a national longitudinal study. Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 10(2), 149-154. https://doi.org/10.4300/JGME-D-17-00063.1

Published

11/10/2021

Issue

Section

Research Article