RESEARCH ARTICLE: Training to address vaccine hesitancy in first-year students


  • La Vonne Downey Roosevelt University, Chicago, Illinois, United States
  • Cara Brock Roosevelt University, Chicago, Illinois, United States



Covid-19 vaccine, Motivational interviewing, Pharmacy education, Vaccine hesitancy


Aim: This study's aim was to determine if an additional educational component on pharmacy students can increase their knowledge and skill level to address vaccine hesitancy and/or refusal related to a future Covid 19 vaccine.   

Methods: First-year pharmacy students were given additional education beyond what they received in their Accreditation Council for Pharmaceutical Education (ACPE) module, on motivational interviewing (MI).  They were given a pre-and post-survey assessing their knowledge and confidence in addressing vaccine hesitancy and the application of MI. This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB). 

Results: This study showed that additional motivational interviewing education had a significant impact on the student's knowledge, self-assessment of skills in talking to patients, and understanding how the skills impacted patients regarding vaccines both general and Covid-19 vaccines.     

Conclusion:  The study’s findings indicate that additional training that focuses on motivational methods to engage patients is needed for students to be able to address vaccine hesitancy, especially when a new vaccine using different science is on the market. 

Author Biographies

La Vonne Downey, Roosevelt University, Chicago, Illinois, United States

Health sciences administration

Cara Brock, Roosevelt University, Chicago, Illinois, United States



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How to Cite

Downey, L. V., & Brock, C. (2022). RESEARCH ARTICLE: Training to address vaccine hesitancy in first-year students. Pharmacy Education, 22(1), p. 108–115.



Research Article