Diversity amongst international pharmacy students

Authors

  • Douglas Ball Faculty of Pharmacy, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 24923, Safat 13110, Kuwait
  • Paulina Norris Faculty of Pharmacy, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 24923, Safat 13110, Kuwait
  • Hannes Enlund Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Kuopio, P.O. Box 1627, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland
  • Dexter Tagwireyi Department of Pharmacy, University of Zimbabwe, P.O. Box MP167, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe
  • Abdelmoneim Awad Faculty of Pharmacy, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 24923, Safat 13110, Kuwait

Keywords:

Career aspiration, curriculum harmonisation, health professional education, pharmacy education, motivation

Abstract

Objective: To describe the diversity of international pharmacy students’ demographics, motivating factors in program choice and career aspirations.
Method: Cross-sectional survey of pharmacy students in Finland, Kuwait, New Zealand, Sudan and Zimbabwe.
Results: Totally 1516 questionnaires were completed. Demographic variables varied. Only 56% of New Zealand students were local citizens. Females predominated except in Zimbabwe (67% male). Less than 10% of students in Kuwait considered pharmacy an easy program, compared to 39% Finnish MPharm students. Philanthropy was the main reason for choosing to study pharmacy, although lifestyle issues played a big role in Finland. Financial motives were important in Sudan and Zimbabwe. A larger proportion of students in these two countries also wanted to work in the private sector. Future career aspirations varied greatly between countries.
Conclusion: Pharmacy students show great diversity between countries which has important implications for academic orientation, course development and moves towards curriculum harmonisation.

References

Carvajal, M. J., & Hardigan, P. (1999a). First-job preferences and expectations of pharmacy students: Intergender and interethnic comparisons. Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association, 39, 32–40.

Carvajal, M. J., & Hardigan, P. (1999b). Estimation of pharmacy students’ expected job satisfaction functions: Inter-gender differences. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 63, 285 – 289.

Castiglia, M., Chinyanganya, F., & Smego, R. A. (1996). Pharmacy education in Zimbabwe. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 60, 182–185.

Ferguson, J. A., Roller, L., & Wertheimer, A. I. (1986). Social factors motivating students toward a career in pharmacy—an international study. Journal of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 3(4), 127–135.

FIP. (2006). Global pharmacy workforce and migration report: A call for action. http://213.206.88.26/files/fip/HR/FIP%20 Global%20Pharmacy%20and%20Migration%20report% 2007042006.PDF [Accessed 26 September 2006].

Holdford, D. A., & Stratton, T. P. (2000). A marketing plan for recruiting students into pharmacy school-based graduate programs. A report. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 64(Winter Suppl.), 41S–47S.

Kikwilu, E. N., Mugonzibwa, E. A., Rugarabamu, P. G., & Ntabaye, M. K. (2000). Tanzanian high school students’ attitude towards five university professional courses. East African Medical Journal, 77, 143–146.

Levy, L. F. (2003). The first world’s role in the third world brain drain. British Medical Journal, 327, 170.

Rascati, K. L. (1989). Career choice, plans, and commitment of pharmacy students. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 53, 228–234.

Roller, L., & Bury, P. C. (1987). Social factors motivating Australian and New Zealand students towards a career in pharmacy. Australian Journal of Pharmacy, 68, 283–294.

Shaw, J. P. (2002). Undergraduate pharmacy education in the United States and New Zealand: Towards a core curriculum? Pharmaceutical Education, 1, 5–15.

Sie, D., Bates, I., Aggarwal, R., & Borja-Lopetegi, A. (2003). An analysis of the new UK Master of Pharmacy degree programme: Rhetoric and reality. Pharmaceutical Education, 3, 169–175.

Siracuse, M. V., Schondelmeyer, S. S., Hadsall, R. S., & Schommer, J. C. (2004). Assessing career aspirations of pharmacy students. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 68(3). Article 75. http://www.ajpe.org/aj6803/aj680375/aj680375.pdf [Accessed 1 Nov 2006].

Sramkova, P., De Jong Van den Berg, L. T., & Oerlemans, A. P. (2004). Comparison of Dutch and Czech systems of pharmacy studies. Pharmaceutical Education, 4, 153–163.

Taylor, K. M. G., Bates, I. P., & Harding, G. (2004). The implications of increasing student numbers for pharmacy education. Pharmaceutical Education, 4, 33–39.

Wilson, J. (1999). Inadequate career advice for students. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences, 20, 8.

Woodward, J. M. B., Merryman, J., & Kirk, K. W. (1993). Management aspiration and gender differences in pharmacy students. Journal of Pharmaceutical Marketing and Management, 7, 3–24.

Issue

Section

Research Article