RESEARCH ARTICLE: The use of motivational interviewing skills for patient counselling in an interprofessional education learning simulation
Keywords:Dietetics, Interprofessional education, Motivational interviewing, Nursing, Pharmacy, Student perceptions
Objective: Healthcare training has increasingly focused on interprofessional education (IPE) to provide students opportunities to gain competencies and learn accountability. IPE was incorporated into the curriculum by creating a course for all health science. Motivational interviewing (MI) training was added to enhance the IPE process. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of MI training in patient counselling simulations.
Methods: A cohort of students enrolled in an IPE course were evaluated on MI skills before and after receiving training. MI performance was coded using the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity (MITI) 4.2.1 scoring system. A student perception survey was also administered.
Results: A total of 210 students were included in the study. Results from the MITI indicate an improvement in the four global ratings after MI training in individual and group cohorts. For example, for the Cultivating global score, 0% reached at least a fair benchmark in the pre-training groups while 90% (individual) and 50% (group) reached the benchmark post-training. Student perceptions of IPE improved following MI training with more students strongly agreeing that working together was better for patients post-training (66.2% vs 75.5%).
Conclusion: The use of MI training in the setting of IPE setting appears to be beneficial. MI gives students a common language and approach to working with patients in an interprofessional setting.
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