RESEARCH ARTICLE: Recommendations for implementing work-integrated learning in South African schools of pharmacy




Pharmacy, Recommendations, Work-integrated learning


Aim: Pharmacy schools in South Africa need to prove compliance with work-integrated learning (WIL) as articulated in the Good Pharmacy Education Standards (GPES). This study aims to determine the current status of WIL in South African schools of pharmacy.    

Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with heads of pharmacy schools regarding the challenges experienced with the implementation of WIL.    

Results: Four of the possible nine heads of South African schools of pharmacy participated in the study. Categories and subcategories were identified under the theme ‘challenges of WIL’.    

Conclusion: Findings showed that pharmacy schools in South Africa comply partially with WIL requirements. Possible reasons for partial compliance are challenges experienced relating to resources, campus-based infrastructure and service providers. Based on this study’s findings, the authors present several recommendations for the implementation of WIL in South African pharmacy schools.

Author Biographies

Irma Kotzé, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa

Division Health Sciences Education, Faculty of Health Sciences

Gerda Reitsma, North-West University, South Africa

Centre for Health Professions Education, Faculty of Health Sciences

René Botha, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa

Community-Based Education and Rural Health, Faculty of Health Sciences


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How to Cite

Kotzé, I., Reitsma, G. ., & Botha , R. . (2022). RESEARCH ARTICLE: Recommendations for implementing work-integrated learning in South African schools of pharmacy. Pharmacy Education, 22(1), p. 88–99.



Research Article