PROGRAMME DESCRIPTION: Virtual patients in clinical decision making – A design-based research approach


  • Nataly Martini University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
  • Ashwini Datt University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand



Clinical decision-making, Curriculum, Design-based research, Patient simulation, Pharmacy education


This paper reports on a longitudinal, design-based research (DBR) study to promote clinical decision making using a virtual patient (VP) simulation for emergency renal care. The VP was piloted with pharmacy students, then offered as an interprofessional learning exercise for pharmacy and medical students, before being introduced as part of the curriculum.  In this paper, the DBR framework used to design, implement and evaluate the VP is described. The iterative changes made and implications for the integration of virtual patient simulation in the pharmacy curriculum are discussed.


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How to Cite

Martini, N., & Datt, A. . (2022). PROGRAMME DESCRIPTION: Virtual patients in clinical decision making – A design-based research approach. Pharmacy Education, 22(1), p. 129–141.



Programme Description