IAI SPECIAL EDITION: Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles from Alpinia galanga extract with microwave irradiation and antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli

Authors

  • Yuli Haryani Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7291-5080
  • Yonatha Melanie Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia
  • Maria Novita Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia
  • Yuharmen Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia
  • Rudi Hendra Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1103-8261
  • Ganis Fia Kartika Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4345-5227

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2022.222.2023

Keywords:

Alpinia galanga, Antibacterial, Microwave, Silver nanoparticle

Abstract

Background: This study deals with the rapid green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) by microwave irradiation using water extract of Alpinia galanga as a reducing agent.      

Methods: The effect of concentrations of water extract and silver nitrate aqueous solution (1 mM) on the synthesis was investigated using the ratios 1:1, 1:5, 1:10, and 1:20. The formation of Ag NPs was observed after being microwaved for 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, and 180 seconds.    

Results: The best Ag NPs were produced from the ratio of 1:10 after 180 s irradiation, confirmed by the optimum absorbance at 450 nm using a UV-visible spectrophotometer. Transmission electron microscopy analysis showed that the size of the Ag NPs was 50 nm. Their antibacterial activity was determined using Resazurin microtiter assay against Escherichia coli, and the results showed that it inhibited 94.4% of E. coli. It was significantly different (p < 0.05) with the inhibition of extract and Amoxsan, which inhibited 71.1% and 85.8% of E. coli, respectively.      

Conclusion: The use of microwave irradiation on the synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Alpinia galanga extract as a reducing agent appears to be rapid and eco-friendly.

Author Biographies

Yuli Haryani , Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences

Yonatha Melanie, Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences

Maria Novita, Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences

Yuharmen, Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences

Rudi Hendra, Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences

Ganis Fia Kartika , Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences

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Published

2022-03-31

How to Cite

Haryani , Y. ., Melanie, Y. ., Novita, M. ., Yuharmen, Hendra, R. ., & Kartika , G. F. . (2022). IAI SPECIAL EDITION: Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles from Alpinia galanga extract with microwave irradiation and antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli. Pharmacy Education, 22(2), p. 20–23. https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2022.222.2023

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