IAI SPECIAL EDITION: The development of a medication safety module for healthcare professionals: Results of a Delphi technique


  • Desak Ketut Ernawati Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia
  • Ika Widi Astuti Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia
  • Luh Kadek Pande Ary Susilawati Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia
  • I Wayan Sumardika Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia




Collaboration, Delphi technique, Medication safety, Module development


Background: Healthcare professionals need to learn jointly to foster role understanding in medication pathways to ensure medication safety.    

Objectives: This research aims to validate a module on medication safety using Delphi techniques involving the collaboration of medication safety experts.   

Methods: The experts reviewed the structure and content of the medication safety module using the Delphi technique process. Structural and content validity was obtained when more than 79% of the expert panels rated the statements more than 3. Agreements were reported as content validity index (CVI).    

Results: The expert panels consisted of four physicians, three pharmacists, and three nurses. Although CVIs for prescribing, administration, and monitoring were 86%, the CVI for the role and responsibility of professionals in dispensing was rated 71%, indicating the need for a revision.

Author Biographies

Desak Ketut Ernawati , Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia

Faculty of Medicine

Ika Widi Astuti, Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia

Faculty of Medicine

Luh Kadek Pande Ary Susilawati, Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia

Faculty of Medicine

I Wayan Sumardika, Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia

Faculty of Medicine


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How to Cite

Ernawati , D. K. ., Astuti, I. W., Susilawati, L. K. P. A., & Sumardika, I. W. . (2022). IAI SPECIAL EDITION: The development of a medication safety module for healthcare professionals: Results of a Delphi technique. Pharmacy Education, 22(2), p. 70–73. https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2022.222.7073



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