Predictors of test anxiety in doctor of pharmacy students:An empirical study


  • Sujit S Sansgiry Department of Clinical Sciences and Administration, College of Pharmacy, University of Houston, Texas Medical Center, 1441 Moursund Street, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Te
  • Monali Bhosle Department of Clinical Sciences and Administration, College of Pharmacy, University of Houston, Texas Medical Center, 1441 Moursund Street, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Te
  • Arjun P Dutta School of Pharmacy, Howard University, 2300 4th Street NW, Washington,DC 20059, US


Test anxiety, academic performance, academic competence, test competence, time management


The objective of this study was to analyze factors related to test anxiety among Doctor of Pharmacy students enrolled in their first three didactic years at two diverse universities. A survey-based cross-sectional study design with previously validated questionnaires was used to test the objectives at University of Houston (Texas, USA) and Howard University (Washington,DC, USA). Students indicated moderate test anxiety (2.52+/- 0.84) on a scale by comparing their normal behavior with how they felt when anxious and rating it with a scale of 1 – 5, with 1 being atypical and 5 being normal behavior. Around 40.1% of students indicated “family” as their support group during times of stress/anxiety. Test anxiety was negatively correlated with academic performance (p<0.05), academic competence (AC), (p<0.05), test competence (TC) (p<0.05) and time management  (TM)  (p< 0.05).  A  step wise multiple  regression  analysis  indicated  that  AC  and  TC were  the  significant predictors of test anxiety (p,0.05). Understanding factors that may allay test anxiety in pharmacy students is important for successful interventions in order to help them achieve academic success  


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How to Cite

Sansgiry, S. S., Bhosle, M., & Dutta, A. P. (2018). Predictors of test anxiety in doctor of pharmacy students:An empirical study. Pharmacy Education, 5(2). Retrieved from



Research Article