IAI SPECIAL EDITION: Evaluation of pharmacist-led structured counselling on glycemic control and clinical outcomes of Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at a health centre in East Jakarta, Indonesia
Keywords:Booklet, Counselling, Glycemic control, Pharmacist, Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Background: The researchers developed structured counselling for Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, comprised of an introduction to T2DM and how to manage it and its complications.
Aim: This study aimed to evaluate structured counselling on its ability to improve glycemic control and the clinical outcomes of T2DM outpatients.
Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted from August to December 2019 involving T2DM patients at health centers in East Jakarta, who met the criteria and had completed informed consent. The patients were divided into the intervention group (IG, n = 33), which received counselling and booklets, and the control group (CG, n = 32), which received booklets.
Results: Counselling showed significant results in decreasing HbA1c levels and improving fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol (TC), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) levels in the IG compared to the CG. Moreover, counselling in the IG reduced HbA1c 7.596 times more than in the CG.
Conclusion: Pharmacist-led structured counselling significantly improves glycemic control and clinical outcomes in T2DM patients.
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