Unused and expired drug disposal practice and awareness among undergraduate students from pharmacy and other disciplines: Bangladesh perspective

Authors

  • Fardin Al Fahad Shakib School of Health and Life Sciences, North South University, Bashundhara, Bangladesh
  • Nazmus Sadat School of Health and Life Sciences, North South University, Bashundhara, Bangladesh
  • Shamim Ahmed School of Health and Life Sciences, North South University, Bashundhara, Bangladesh & Radiant Pharmaceuticals Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Nilufer Yeasmin Nipa School of Health and Life Sciences, North South University, Bashundhara, Bangladesh & Faculty of Graduate Studies, Medical Biotechnology, University of Windsor, Canada
  • Mashiqur Rahman School of Health and Life Sciences, North South University, Bashundhara, Bangladesh & Incepta Pharmaceuticals Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Mohammad Borhan Uddin School of Health and Life Sciences, North South University, Bashundhara, Bangladesh https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4384-4900

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2022.221.573583

Keywords:

Awareness, Disposal, Drug, Expired, Practice, Unused

Abstract

Background: Most medicine users are not aware of the safe disposal of unused or expired medicines. The aim of this study was to know the current knowledge of the disposal practices of unused and expired medicines among the undergraduate pharmacy and other disciplines studying in universities located in different areas of Dhaka city, Bangladesh.   

Methods: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional survey, conducted through face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire. Returned questionnaires were double-checked for accuracy.

Results: A total of 250 valid questionnaires were returned with a response rate of 100%. Respondents were mainly divided into two categories: pharmacy students (n=150; 60%) and general students (n=100; 40%). Two third of the general students (66%; n=98) and pharmacy students (65.3%; n=66) showed an almost similar response to keeping medicines at home. Overall, the highest common leftover medicines were analgesics (n=181; 27.6%) followed by gastric agents 174 (26.6%). Alarmingly, 85 (34%) respondents usually threw their leftover medicines in the dustbin, however, only very few portions of health science students (8%) have donated their unused medicines to welfare and friends. About 58% of respondents from other disciplines agreed that the necessity of pharmacists counselling people about proper medication disposal is highly required.   

Conclusion: Gaps exist in everyday drug disposal practices, therefore cost-effective pharmaceutical waste management programmes supported by government regulatory authorities and media campaigns are needed. Healthcare practitioners and community pharmacists should offer training to educate patients on standard medicine disposal practices. Findings from this study are hoped to assist in creating awareness about appropriate drug disposal practices in households and trigger interest and attention among policymakers about formulating relevant regulations.

Author Biographies

Fardin Al Fahad Shakib, School of Health and Life Sciences, North South University, Bashundhara, Bangladesh

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Nazmus Sadat, School of Health and Life Sciences, North South University, Bashundhara, Bangladesh

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Shamim Ahmed, School of Health and Life Sciences, North South University, Bashundhara, Bangladesh & Radiant Pharmaceuticals Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences & Strategic Marketing Department

Nilufer Yeasmin Nipa, School of Health and Life Sciences, North South University, Bashundhara, Bangladesh & Faculty of Graduate Studies, Medical Biotechnology, University of Windsor, Canada

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Mashiqur Rahman, School of Health and Life Sciences, North South University, Bashundhara, Bangladesh & Incepta Pharmaceuticals Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences & Quality Control Department

Mohammad Borhan Uddin, School of Health and Life Sciences, North South University, Bashundhara, Bangladesh

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences

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Published

2022-06-18

How to Cite

Shakib, F. A. F., Sadat, N., Ahmed, S., Nipa, N. Y., Rahman, M., & Uddin, M. B. (2022). Unused and expired drug disposal practice and awareness among undergraduate students from pharmacy and other disciplines: Bangladesh perspective. Pharmacy Education, 22(1), p. 573–583. https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2022.221.573583

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Research Article