Perceptions of European students' representative associations about clinical pharmacy undergraduate education




Clinical Pharmacy Service, Education, Pharmacy, Professional Practice Gap, Self-perception, Student


Background: Clinical pharmacy education is an enabler of advanced pharmacy practice for the future workforce.  

Objective: To explore perceptions of students’ representative associations on the adequacy of undergraduate clinical pharmacy education and students’ preparedness to perform clinical activities.   

Methods: Cross-sectional study using an online survey disseminated through the European Pharmaceutical Students’ Association to affiliated national pharmacy students’ associations. The survey collected information about preparedness to perform clinical pharmacy activities, perceived fitness for practice, perceived adequacy of theoretical and practical education in clinical pharmacy, and learning methods used and desired.  

Results: Students’ representative associations from 16 European countries participated and unanimously stated that clinical pharmacy practical training was insufficient. Most respondents (n=12; 75.1%) reported being unfit or unsure about their fitness to perform clinical activities.  

Conclusion: Although clinical pharmacy is embedded in pharmaceutical sciences education, students felt unprepared to perform clinical activities and desired more practical training to increase job readiness.

Author Biographies

Laura Moura, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal

Research Institute for Medicines (iMED.ULisboa)

Rúben Viegas, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal

Research Institute for Medicines (iMED.ULisboa)

Stephane Steurbaut, Research group of Clinical Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Jette, Belgium & Department of Hospital Pharmacy, UZ Brussel, Jette, Belgium

Centre for Pharmaceutical Research

Filipa Alves da Costa, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal

Research Institute for Medicines (iMED.ULisboa)


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How to Cite

Moura, L., Viegas, R., Steurbaut, S., & Alves da Costa, F. (2022). Perceptions of European students’ representative associations about clinical pharmacy undergraduate education. Pharmacy Education, 22(1), p. 944–953.



Research Article