Improved awareness of national genomic initiatives is needed to facilitate genomic education and training in Wales for pharmacists




Education, Genomic, Genomic literacy, Pharmacist, Training


Background: Wales has placed itself at the centre of the genomics revolution with the ambitious aim of improving patient outcomes and encouraging new discoveries. Whilst pharmacists play a key role in precision medicine; linking patients and their medication, there is a paucity of research pertaining to their genomic literacy and educational training needs.

Objectives: This study sought to explore Welsh pharmacists' genomic awareness, knowledge, and educational needs.

Methods: To gauge awareness, an online questionnaire was developed and disseminated.

Results: Over 88% of respondents (n = 94) reported no awareness of key genomic initiatives and services. Furthermore, 27.7% of respondents believe genomics is not relevant to their profession. This in turn has a detrimental impact on their perceptions of genomic educational and training needs.

Conclusion: The authors conclude that there is a disconnect between national policy rhetoric and the reality of pharmacists, highlighting the need for greater engagement with the healthcare workforce if Wales is to become a key player in genomic medicine. 

Author Biographies

Rebecca Hopes, Cardiff and Vale University Health Board, NHS Wales, United Kingdom

All Wales Medical Genomics Service

Jodie Ann Croxall, Swansea University, Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom

Faculty of Medicine, Health, and Life Science

Claire Morgan, Swansea University, Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom

Faculty of Medicine, Health, and Life Science


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How to Cite

Hopes, R., Croxall, J. A., & Morgan, C. (2022). Improved awareness of national genomic initiatives is needed to facilitate genomic education and training in Wales for pharmacists. Pharmacy Education, 22(1), p. 805–813.



Research Article