Experiential pharmacy education in trying times: Lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic


  • Fouad Sakr School of Pharmacy, Lebanese International University, Beirut, Lebanon & École Doctorale Sciences de la Vie et de la Santé & Institut Mondor de Recherche Biomédicale; Université Paris-Est Créteil, France https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6905-5814
  • Iqbal Fahs School of Pharmacy, Lebanese International University, Beirut, Lebanon https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7012-4859
  • Ahmad Dimassi School of Pharmacy, Lebanese International University, Beirut, Lebanon https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5932-2520
  • Samar Younes School of Pharmacy, Lebanese International University, Beirut, Lebanon https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0443-0326
  • Nisreen Mourad School of Pharmacy, Lebanese International University, Beirut, Lebanon https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3518-7018
  • Jihan Safwan School of Pharmacy, Lebanese International University, Beirut, Lebanon https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8602-1042
  • Marwan Akel School of Pharmacy, Lebanese International University, Beirut, Lebanon & INSPECT-LB (Institut National de Santé Publique, d’Épidémiologie Clinique et de Toxicologie-Liban) &International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP), The Hague, The Netherlands
  • Mohamad Rahal School of Pharmacy, Lebanese International University, Beirut, Lebanon https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9707-6217
  • Mariam Dabbous School of Pharmacy, Lebanese International University, & School of Education, Lebanese International University, Beirut, Lebanon https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5191-3497




COVID-19, experiential education, pharmacy education, pharmacy practice


The COVID-19 pandemic has presented a slew of new obstacles for all health professionals, particularly those in charge of training students. Many pharmacy schools had to convert to virtual experiential learning with little to no existing literature, framework, or appropriate time for preparation. This review documents the virtual pharmacy practice training at a university in Lebanon during COVID-19 and several other colleges of pharmacy worldwide that have shared their experiences. A literature review of international publications was performed in PubMed and Google Scholar between 1 March 2022 and 30 May 2022, and relevant articles were included. The narrative offers a variety of approaches to ensure that pharmacy learners prioritise self-care, are adequately prepared to enter pharmacy practice, and reflect on their learning. However, other aspects, such as the use of a variety of online training platforms, the inclusion of more patient-centric activities, and the provision of live virtual patient experiences, should be enhanced in the future.


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How to Cite

Sakr, F., Fahs, I., Dimassi, A., Younes, S., Mourad, N., Safwan, J., Akel, M., Rahal, M., & Dabbous, M. (2022). Experiential pharmacy education in trying times: Lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic. Pharmacy Education, 22(1), p. 823–834. https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2022.221.823834