Perceived stress and sources of stress among pharmacy students in Malaysian public and private universities: a comparative study
Keywords:Malaysia, Perceived Stress Scale, Pharmacy Students, Sources of Stress
This study aimed to compare the level of stress and its associated factors among pharmacy students in a public university and a private university. A cross-sectional study was carried out recruiting all pharmacy students in two pharmacy faculties in Malaysia, using an online self-administered questionnaire in English. The questionnaire included questions on socio-demographic factors, sources of stress and the validated Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10). The mean (±SD) age was 20.7 (± 1.2) years and the age ranged 19 - 29 years. The majority of respondents were female (79.6 %) and Malays (53.9 %). There was a significant association between PSS-10 and ''study in general'' and ''assignments'' (p<0.01), among students in the public university. In the private university, stress was significantly associated with ''living cost (p=0.045), ''living away from family'' (p=0.043) and ''lack of recreational time'' (p=0.016). Exams, financial problems, peer competition and final projects, and fear of future were associated with stress among students in both universities. In conclusion, the pharmacy students perceived stress similar in public and private universities. Academic-related stressors were significant in public university, while life-related stressors were significant in private one.
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