In Focus: Pharmacy in Spain; A British - Spanish Collaboration in Clinical Pharmacy Teaching
During the 1990s the United Kingdom experienced a significant expansion in postgraduate Clinical Pharmacyeducation with the introduction of specialist postgraduate Diploma and Masters programmes. The School of Pharmacy, University of London, launched its Diploma following 10 years of experience of running a full-time postgraduate Master's programme in Clinical Pharmacy. Graduates from this Master’s programme returned to hospital pharmacy and, over a decade, pioneered the development of in- service education and training programmes inbasic clinical pharmacy. These training programme were formally recognised and accredited as part of a Diploma and a modular MSc/Diploma inPharamcy Practice was developed offeringa more flexible approach towards these postgraduate clinical pharmacy programmes. Pharmacists can complete components of an MSC programme over a 2 to 3 year part-time period or take full-time courses. Qualifications are available at Certificate (completion of an accredited in-service training scheme), Diploma (a 12 month part-time programme) or MSc (a two year part-time programme) levels. lnterest from continental Europe highlighted needs in other countries for formal programmes in clinical pharmacy leading to a certificate or Diploma or a specialisation in Clinical Pharmacy. Collaboration between Barcelona and London resulted after informal discussions on the scope and extent of postgraduate courses in the UK.