SHORT REPORT: Evaluation of the crosswalk between the ACPE Standards and the FIP Nanjing Statements
Keywords:Nanjing Statements, Pharmacists, Pharmacy Education, Pharmacy Practice, Student Pharmacists
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to compare, contrast, and map the 2016 Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) Standards to the 2017 International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) Nanjing Statements.
Methods: Three members of the Global Pharmacy Education Special Interest Group conducted a review of the ACPE Standards and Nanjing Statements to identify which Nanjing Statements mapped to the ACPE Standards, and vice versa. Two additional reviewers evaluated the results to ensure face validity.
Results: Seventy-two of the 75 Nanjing elements were mapped to 94 of the 160 ACPE elements. Nanjing Statement Clusters 2 and 6 had the highest rates of matched statements, at 83% and 94% respectively. ACPE Standards and key elements that had 100% of matches with the Nanjing Statements included Standards 3, 11, and 18.
Conclusion: These preliminary findings may help educators streamline national and global competencies. Ultimately, accrediting bodies, professional organisations, and pharmacy educators may benefit from identifying strengths and areas for improvement.
Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education. (2015). Accreditation standards and key elements for the professional program in pharmacy leading to the Doctor of Pharmacy Degree. Retrieved from https://www.acpe-accredit.org/pdf/Standards2016FINAL.pdf
Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education. (2017). Accreditation Standards for COntinuing Pharmacy Education. Retrieved from https://www.acpe-accredit.org/pdf/CPE_Standards_Final.pdf
American Pharmacists Association. (2017). APhA 2017 Annual Report. Retrieved from https://www.pharmacist.com/sites/default/files/audience/2017_AnnualReport.pdf
American Society of Health System Pharmacists. (2017). ASHP Strategic Plan. Retrieved from https://www.ashp.org/-/media/assets/about-ashp/docs/ashp-strategic-plan.ashx
Bhuvan, K. C., Palaian, S., Khanal, S., Alam, K., Khan, G. M., & Budhathoki, U. (2017). History and evolution of pharmaceutical education in Nepal: education versus practice. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326318864_History_and_evolution_of_pharmaceutical_education_in_Nepal_education_versus_practice
European Association of Hospital Pharmacist. (2018). EAHP Annual Report. Retrieved from http://www.eahp.eu/publications/eahp-annual-report
International Pharmaceutical Federation. (2016). Pharmaceutical Workforce Development Goals. Retrieved from https://fip.org/files/fip/PharmacyEducation/2016_report/2016-11-
International Pharmaceutical Federation. (2017). Nanjing Statements. Retrieved from https://www.fip.org/files/fip/PharmacyEducation/Global_Conference_docs/Nanjing_Statements.pdf
Knoer, S. J., Eck, A. R., & Lucas, A. J. (2016). A review of American pharmacy: education, training, technology, and practice. J Pharm Health Care Sci, 2, 32. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27843574. doi:10.1186/s40780-016-0066-3
Law, M., Bader, L., Uzman, N., Williams, A., & Bates, I. (2019). The FIP Nanjing Statements: Shaping global pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences education. Res Social Adm Pharm. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30922735. doi:10.1016/j.sapharm.2019.03.013
Palsokar, G. (2017). Evolution and Evaluation of Pharmaceytical Education in India. Retrieved from http://globalresearchonline.net/journalcontents/v43-2/40.pdf
Raman-Wilms, L. (2012). Evolution in pharmacy education: developing effective patient care practitioners. Can J Hosp Pharm, 65(4), 253-257. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22919101.
Toklu, H. Z., & Hussain, A. (2013). The changing face of pharmacy practice and the need for a new model of pharmacy education. J Young Pharm, 5(2), 38-40. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24023452. doi:10.1016/j.jyp.2012.09.001
United Nations. (2015). Sustainable Development Goals (online). Available at: https://www.un.org/sustainable development/. Accessed 24th May, 2019