RESEARCH ARTICLE: Final year pharmacy students’ opinions on teamwork: A questionnaire-based study from a UK School of Pharmacy


  • Lezley-Anne Hanna Queen's University Belfast
  • Meadhbh McReynolds Queen's University Belfast, Belfast
  • Maurice Hall Queen's University Belfast, Belfast
  • Alan Hanna Queen's University Belfast, Belfast


Pharmacy, Undergraduate Students, Teamwork, Views


Introduction: The study aimed to investigate Queen's University Belfast (QUB) pharmacy students’ opinions about teamwork within the degree programme including inter-professional activities they have completed. This is pertinent given accrediting (regulator) organisation requirements about team-based learning and engagement in multidisciplinary teams.

Methods: Following ethical approval, all final year pharmacy students except the research student were invited to participate in this single institution study (n=95). Data were collected via a self-completed, pre-piloted, questionnaire (largely closed-style questions and non-identifiable data requested). Data analysis generated descriptive statistics with tests such as the Mann Whitney U-Test employed for inferential statistical analysis.

Results: The response rate was 96.8% (92/95). Most pharmacy students respondents (81.5%, n=75/92) found teamwork valuable and 76.7% (69/90) deemed it essential to ensure they became safe and effective pharmacists. Males wanted more teamwork in comparison to females (p=0.02). Only 53.8% (49/91) liked peer evaluation. Formative activities (particularly one with medical students about prescribing and dispensing) were more popular than summatively assessed activities.

Conclusion: While opinions about teamwork were positive, more work is required on peer evaluation (given its importance for professional development) and summative team-based assessment.

Author Biographies

Lezley-Anne Hanna, Queen's University Belfast

School of Pharmacy, Queen's University Belfast, Professor (Education) (August 2019)

Royal Pharmaceutical Society Faculty Fellow (2016)

Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (2017)

National Teaching Fellow (2018)

Principal Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (2019)

Meadhbh McReynolds, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast


Maurice Hall, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast


Alan Hanna, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast



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Research Article