RESEARCH ARTICLE: Current reality and preferences for continuing professional development of pharmacists in England – supporting pharmacists to achieve their CPD requirements


  • Ricarda Micallef Kingston University, Surrey
  • Isabel Huet University of West London, Ealing, London
  • Reem Kayyali Kingston University, Surrey


Pharmacist, barriers for learning, continuing professional development, education, motivators, needs analysis.


Background: Continuing professional development (CPD) is essential for pharmacists and is a regulator requirement in Great Britain (GB).

Objectives: The aim of this study was to establish current participation in CPD activity in GB, in terms of format and providers, plus preferences of pharmacists, including motivators and barriers, and support needed for application of learning.

Methods: This study utilised a questionnaire and semi-structured interviews of pharmacists in South London, England.

Results: The majority of responders (n=293/338, 86.6%) had taken part in CPD activity in the past 12 months. Although face-to-face workshops were the most preferred activity, digital completion was the most used activity. There was increasing non-participation with reduced working hours (p=0.003). The employer was the most commonly used provider. From 19 interviews, three main themes emerged: Engagement, Intervention and Application.

Conclusions: It is clear that no single format is preferred by all. There needs to be a strategy to ensure good utilisation of providers, and CPD-based events having an impact on practice.

Author Biographies

Ricarda Micallef, Kingston University, Surrey

Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacy

Isabel Huet, University of West London, Ealing, London

Associate Professor, Higher Education Research and Academic Development

Reem Kayyali, Kingston University, Surrey

Professor, Department of Pharmacy 


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How to Cite

Micallef, R., Huet, I., & Kayyali, R. (2020). RESEARCH ARTICLE: Current reality and preferences for continuing professional development of pharmacists in England – supporting pharmacists to achieve their CPD requirements. Pharmacy Education, 20(1), p 103 – 115. Retrieved from



Research Article