RESEARCH ARTICLE: Case study of mind mapping as an educational tool for a pharmaceutical course on drug formulation design


  • Renata Miliani Martinez University of São Paulo, Brazil
  • Felipe Rebello Lourenço University of São Paulo, Brazil
  • André Rolim Baby University of São Paulo, Brazil



Active-learning tools, Education, Mind mapping


Objective: A method is presented for integrating the mind mapping methodology into Pharmacy course classes. An evaluation was made of the students’ performance and their perception of achievement of significant learning.

Method: Weekly reviews and group assignments using mind maps were carried out on a Small-Scale Drug Formulation class concerning drug formulation design. The students’ grades were compared with those for control groups and longitudinal Cohorts. A questionnaire was used to obtain the opinions of the students concerning the effectiveness of the methodology and their acceptance of it.

Results: The students showed improved short-term performance and collective learning. Their feedback concerning the methodology was positive.

Conclusion: This strategy was shown to be a promising tool for engaging adult students in collaborative learning activities.

Author Biographies

Renata Miliani Martinez, University of São Paulo, Brazil

Department of Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Felipe Rebello Lourenço, University of São Paulo, Brazil

Department of Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences

André Rolim Baby, University of São Paulo, Brazil

Department of Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences


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How to Cite

Miliani Martinez, R., Rebello Lourenço, F., & Rolim Baby, A. (2021). RESEARCH ARTICLE: Case study of mind mapping as an educational tool for a pharmaceutical course on drug formulation design. Pharmacy Education, 21, p. 178–185.



Research Article