The Value of Example Solutions in Pharmacy Education: The role of seniority and gender

Albin Sandelin, Helle Rüsz Hansen, Stefania Baldursdottir, Anders Skov Kristensen, Lasse K. Bak, Frederik Voetman Christiansen, Christine Selhuber-Unkel


Background: Example solutions to problem sets and exams are provided in the majority of pharmacy courses at the University
of Copenhagen.
Aims: Since the impact and usage of examples solutions are unknown, we wanted to evaluate the positive and negative aspects of the usage of example solutions as an educational tool-.
Method: 164 Danish pharmacy program students answered a questionnaire and answers were analyzed using non-parametric tests.
Results: We found that example solutions encourage deep learning strategies among students. Furthermore, the study identified significant differences in the students‟ self-assessment of preparation level prior to classes depending on gender. Male students feel as well prepared as female students despite spending significantly less time in preparation.
Conclusion: This study shows that example solutions are mostly used by students to follow a deep learning strategy, but that it is essential to properly introduce the students to the intended usage of the example solutions.


Example solution, deep learning, gender

Full Text:



Ramsden, P. (1992a). Learning to Teach in Higher Education. London: Routledge.

Biggs, J. and Tang, C. (2007). Teaching for Quality Learning at University. Berkshire: Open University Press.

Marton, F. and Booth, S. (1997). Learning and Awareness. NewJersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Ramsden, P. (1992b). Learning to Teach in Higher Education. London: Routledge. pp. 53-60.

Ramsden, P. (1992c). Learning to Teach in Higher Education. London: Routledge. pp. 51.

Ihaka, R. and Gentleman, R. (1996). R: A Language for Data Analysis and Graphics. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics 5:299-314.

Bang Jakobsen, L. and Johannsen, B. F. (2009). Didactical Contract: An Analytical Concept to facilitate Successful Implementation of Alternative Physics Labs. ESERA conference, Istanbul, Turkey.

Serker, D. (2008) . Lattice: Multivariate Data Visualization with R. New York: Springer.


  • There are currently no refbacks.
article/comments.tpl article/footer.tpl