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The Value of Example Solutions in Pharmacy Education: The role of seniority and gender

Albin Sandelin, Helle Rüsz Hansen, Stefania Baldursdottir, Anders Skov Kristensen, Lasse K. Bak, Frederik Voetman Christiansen, Christine Selhuber-Unkel

Abstract

Background: Example solutions to problem sets and exams are provided in the majority of pharmacy courses at the University
of Copenhagen.
Aims: Since the impact and usage of examples solutions are unknown, we wanted to evaluate the positive and negative aspects of the usage of example solutions as an educational tool-.
Method: 164 Danish pharmacy program students answered a questionnaire and answers were analyzed using non-parametric tests.
Results: We found that example solutions encourage deep learning strategies among students. Furthermore, the study identified significant differences in the students‟ self-assessment of preparation level prior to classes depending on gender. Male students feel as well prepared as female students despite spending significantly less time in preparation.
Conclusion: This study shows that example solutions are mostly used by students to follow a deep learning strategy, but that it is essential to properly introduce the students to the intended usage of the example solutions.


Keywords

Example solution, deep learning, gender


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References

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