article/article.tpl

Pharmacy students’ and pharmacists’ perceptions about geriatric pharmacotherapy education

Mohd Shahezwan Abd Wahab, Noordin Othman, Stefan R Kowalski, Hanis Hanum Zulkifly, Aida Azlina Ali, Long Chiau Ming, Abu Bakar Abdul Majeed

Abstract

Background: An adequate background knowledge base in geriatric pharmacotherapy (GPT) must be attained by pharmacists in order for them to provide optimal care to the elderly.

Objectives: To investigate the perceptions of pharmacy students about the need for competency in GPT, pharmacists’ level of self-perceived confidence in providing GPT, and their opinions about GPT training and education.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire was distributed to pharmacy students from a public university and pharmacists from four public hospitals in Selangor, Malaysia between May and August 2013.

Results: The response rates were 85.8% (151/176) and 58.9% (128/217) for the pharmacy students and pharmacists respectively. Pharmacy students agreed with the need for GPT competency (mean agreement: 4.64 ± 0.61), but pharmacists’ self-perceived confidence in GPT was moderate (mean agreement: 3.26 ± 0.71). The respondents’ agreement about the adequacy of GPT education received during their undergraduate studies was also modest (pharmacy students, 3.22 ± 0.86; pharmacists, 2.84 ± 0.82; p<0.01). In addition, the respondents welcomed more education in GPT; considered knowledge in common GPT-related topics as important; preferred software to obtain GPT information; and perceived clinical attachment with geriatricians as useful to enhance their GPT knowledge.

Conclusion: Our findings provide a basis to make more GPT education available to both pharmacy students and pharmacists. 


Keywords

Education, Geriatric pharmacotherapy, Malaysia, Pharmacy students, Pharmacists


Full Text:

PDF

References

Bardach, S.H. & Rowles, G.D. (2012). Geriatric education in the health professions: Are we making progress? The Gerontologist, 0(0), 1-12.

Boyd, C.M., Darer, J., Boult, C., Fried, L.P., Boult, L. & Wu, A.W. (2005). Clinical practice guidelines and quality of care for older patients. Journal of the American Medical Association, 294(6),716–724.

Cassano, A.T. (2006). IV medication safety software implementation in a multihospital health system. Hospital Pharmacy, 41,151-156.

Commission for Certification in Geriatric Pharmacy (2016). About board certification (online). Available at: http://www.ccgp. org/aboutCCGP. Accessed 6th April, 2016.

Dallenbach, M.F., Bovier, P.A. & Desmeules, J. (2007). Detecting drug interactions using personal digital assistants in an out-patient clinic. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 100, 691-697.

Delafuente, J.C. (2009). The silver tsunami is coming: will pharmacy be swept away with the tide? The American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 73(1), Article 1.

Elliott, R.A. (2006). Problems with medication use in the elderly: an Australian perspective. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, 36(1), 58-66.

Elliott, R.A. & Booth, J.C. (2014). Problems with medicine use in older Australians: a review of recent literature. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, 44, 258-271.

Fischer, S., Stewart, T.E., Mehta, S., Wax, R. & Lapinsky, S.E. (2003). Handheld computing in medicine. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 10(2), 139-149.

Haddad, A.R., Coover, K.L. & Faulkner, M.A. (2011). Development and incorporation of an interprofessional experience into a geriatric pharmacy elective: the first- year experience. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, 3(2), 116–122.

Hilmer, S.N., McLachlan, A.J. & Le Couteur, D.G. (2007). Clinical pharmacology in the geriatric patient. Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology, 21(3), 217-230.

Keijsers, C.J., van Hensbergen, L., Jacobs, L., Brouwers, J.R., de Wildt, D.J., ten Cate, O.T. & Jansen, P.A. (2012). Geriatric pharmacology and pharmacotherapy education for health professionals and students: a systematic review. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 74(5), 762– 773.

Maio, V., Jutkowitz, E., Herrera, K., Abouzaid, S., Negri, G. & Del Canale, S. (2011). Appropriate medication prescribing in elderly patients: how knowledgeable are primary care physicians? A survey study in Parma, Italy. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 36(4), 468-480.

Makowsky, M.J., Koshman, S.L., Midodzi & W.K., Tsuyuki, R.T. 2009. Capturing outcomes of clinical activities performed by a rounding pharmacist practicing in a team environment: the COLLABORATE study. Medical Care, 47(6), 642–650.

Marriott, J.L., Nation, R.L., Roller, L., Costelloe, M., Galbraith, K., Stewart, P. & Charman, W.N. (2008). Pharmacy education in the context of Australian Practice. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 76(6), Article 131.

Mintzes, B., Lexchin, J., Sutherland, J.M., Beaulieu, M.D., Wilkes, M.S., Durrieu, G. & Reynolds, E. (2013). Pharmaceutical sales representatives and patient safety: a comparative prospective study of information quality in Canada, France and the United States. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 28(10), 1368-1375.

Mirtallo, J.M., Hawksworth, K. & Payne, B. (2009). A nutrition support service web application to manage patients receiving parenteral nutrition. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 24(4), 447-458.

Mort, J.R., Delafuente, J.C. & Odegard, P.S. (2006). Geriatric content in pharmacotherapy and therapeutics textbooks. The American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 70(6), Article 130.

Mutasingwa, D.R., Ge, H. & Upshur, R.E. (2011). How applicable are clinical practice guidelines to elderly patients comorbidities? Canadian Family Physician, 57(7), e253–262.

Odegard, P.S., Breslow, R.M., Koronkowski, M.J., Williams, B.R. & Hudgins, G.A. (2007). Geriatric pharmacy education: a strategic plan for the future. The American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 71(3), Article 47.

Page, R.L., Linnebur, S.A., Bryant, L.L. & Ruscin, J.M. (2010). Inappropriate prescribing in the hospitalized elderly patient: defining the problem, evaluation tools, and possible solutions. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 5, 75-87.

Ramaswamy, R., Maio, V., Diamond, J.J., Talati, A.R., Hartmann, C.W., Arenson, C. & Roehl, B. (2011). Potentially inappropriate prescribing in elderly: assessing doctor knowledge, confidence and barriers. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 17(6), 1153–1159.

Reeve, E., Wiese, M.D., Hendrix, I., Roberts, M.S. & Shakib, S. (2013). People’s attitudes, beliefs, and experiences regarding polypharmacy and willingness to deprescribe. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 61(9), 1508–1514.

Reilly, T., Barile, D. & Reuben, S. (2012). Role of the pharmacist on a general medicine acute care for the elderly unit. The American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy, 10(2), 95–100.

Spinewine, A., Fialová, D. & Byrne, S. (2012). The role of the pharmacist in optimizing pharmacotherapy in older people. Drugs & Aging, 29(6), 495-510.

United Nations. (2012). Population facts sheets, No. 2012/4 (online). Available at: http://www.un.org/en/ development/desa/ population/publications/factsheets/ index.shtml. Accessed 6th April, 2016.

Wahab, M.S.A. (2015). The relevance of educating doctors, pharmacists and older patients about potentially inappropriate medications. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 37(6), 971-974.

Wahab, M.S.A., Ali, A.A. & Zulkifly, H.H. (2013). Liberalisation of pharmacist training: the need to reflect on pharmaceutical education in Malaysia. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, 43(2), 162.

Wahab, M.S.A., Nyfort-Hansen, K. & Kowalski, S.R. (2012). Inappropriate prescribing in hospitalised Australian elderly as determined by the STOPP criteria. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 34(6), 855– 862.



Woelfel, J.A., Boyce, E. & Patel, R.A. (2011). Geriatric care as an introductory pharmacy practice experience. The American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 75(6), Article 115.

Zou, D. & Tannenbaum, C. (2014). Educational needs, practice patterns and quality indicators to improve geriatric pharmacy care. Canadian Pharmacists Journal, 147(2), 110–117.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
article/comments.tpl article/footer.tpl