article/article.tpl

A qualitative study exploring pharmacy education in a Saudi pharmacy school running two entry-level pharmacy programmes

Dalia Almaghaslah, Abdulrhman Alsayari, Lojain Almodeer, Jameelah Alfaifi, Reham Alshehri, Amaal Al-Shahrani, Arwa Khaled, Mohammed Ghazwani, Amira Abdel Motaal, Mona Almanasef

Abstract

Background: Saudi Arabia has witnessed a period of significant changes in pharmacy education to enable it to keep up with the global education system in developed countries. The College of Pharmacy at King Khalid University (KKU) was established in 2003 in Abha and currently offers two undergraduate pharmacy programmes: a Bachelor’s degree in Pharmaceutical Sciences (B.Pharm.) and a Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.).

Objective: The aim of this research project is to provide an overview of pharmacy education at KKU, focusing on the effects of having two pharmacy programmes at the same college.

Method: A qualitative prospective study design with a purposive sampling technique was utilised to address the study objectives. The study was conducted throughout the Asir region, at King Khalid University and in local hospitals from October 2016 to February 2017.

Results: The study revealed that establishing the Pharm.D. programme at KKU was a result of national and global changes in pharmacy education. Running two programmes has resulted in a surplus of pharmacists in the region, but the limited job opportunities in the private sector has led to an imbalance between supply and demand. Additionally, the increased number of pharmacy students made it difficult to secure training positions and added to the workload of hospital preceptors. Two programmes also increased the workload of academic staff, hence reducing the quality of teaching. Additionally, the B.Pharm. students felt inferior and less valuable than their Pharm.D. colleagues.

Conclusion: The study revealed that the operation of two programmes has several consequences on the institutional level, such as a high workload for academic staff and difficult feelings between the students of the two programmes. It also resulted in a surplus of graduates in a competitive market with limited employment opportunities, creating an imbalance between the supply and demand of pharmaceutical human resources. Phasing out the B.Pharm. programme would be the most suitable decision, based on an evaluation of the academic institution capabilities, number of training sites, and local job market.


Keywords

Pharmacy Education; Saudi Arabia; Undergraduate Pharmacy Programmes; King Khalid University


Full Text:

PDF

References

Al-jedai, A., Qaisi, S. & Al-meman, A. (2016). Pharmacy Practice and the Health Care System in Saudi Arabia. Can J Hosp Pharm, 69(3). doi:10.4212/ cjhp.v69i3.1561.

Almaghaslah, D., Alsayari, A., Asiri, R. & Albugami, N. (2018). Pharmacy workforce in Saudi Arabia: Challenges and opportunities: A cross-sectional study. The International Journal of Health Planning and Management. doi: 10.1002/hpm.2674

Al Ruthia, Y., Alsenaidy, M., Alrabiah, H., Al Muhaisen, A. & Alshehri, M. (2018). The status of licensed pharmacy workforce in Saudi Arabia: a 2030 economic vision perspective. Human Resources for Health, 16(1)

Anderson, C., Bates, I, Beck, D., Brock, T.P., Futter, B., Mercer, H., Rouse, M., Whitmarsh, S., Wuliji, T. & Yonemura, A. (2009). The WHO UNESCO FIP Pharmacy Education Taskforce. Human Resources for Health. 7(45). doi.org/10.1186/1478-4491-7-45

Anderson, C.; Bates, I. & Rouse, M. (2008). Title Action! Update on the Global Pharmacy Education Consultation. International Pharmacy Journal, 22(2), 6-8

Asiri, Y.A. (2011). Emerging frontiers of pharmacy education in Saudi Arabia: the metamorphosis in the last fifty years. Saudi Pharm. J, 19(1), 1–8

FIP [International Pharmaceutical Federation]. (2012). Education Taskforce A Global Competency Framework. (online). Available at: https://www.fip.org/files/fip/ PharmacyEducation/GbCF_v1.pdf. Accessed 1st May, 2017

KKU [King Khalid University]. (2018). Pharmacy. Kku.edu.sa. 2018. Available at: http://www.kku.edu.sa/ en/news-tags/1272/. Accessed 9th March, 2018.

Long Island University Pharmacy. (2017). Admissions. (online) Available at: http://www.liu.edu/Pharmacy/ Admissions. Accessed 1st May, 2017

Ministry of Civil Services. (2017). News. (online). Available at: https://www.mcs.gov.sa/InformationCenter/ News/MinistryNews/Pages/news14380610_1.aspx Accessed 1st May, 2017

Purdue College of University. (2017). Pharmacy programs (online). Available at: https://www.pharmacy. purdue.edu/future-students/programs. Accessed 1st May, 2017

Ritchie, J. (2003). The application of qualitative methods to social research. In Qualitative Research Practice . (Eds. J. Ritchie, & J. Lewis). London: Sage, pp.24-46

SCFHS [Saudi Commission for Health Specialties]. (2018). Future Saudi health workforce challenges and opportunities (online). Available at: https://www.scfhs. org.sa/en/Pages/default.aspx. Accessed 5th May, 2017

Tong, A., Sainsbury, P. & Craig, J. (2007). Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ): a 32- item checklist for interviews and focus groups. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 19(6), 349-357


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
article/comments.tpl article/footer.tpl