RESEARCH ARTICLE: Active and non-active stations as an adaptive method for Objective Structured and Clinical Examination during the COVID-19 pandemic


  • Ida Musfiroh Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
  • Holis Abdul Holik Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
  • Raden Bayu Indradi Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
  • Sriwidodo Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia



Active and Non-active stations, Innovation, Lab skill, OSCE, Pharmacist


Objective: The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 infection is of global concern. In mid-March 2020 all learning activities in Indonesia were carried out online. The biggest challenge in measuring the competency of graduates during this pandemic time was to test skills online. The aim of this study was to develop adaptation of the online Objective Structured and Clinical Examinations (OSCE) model at the Apothecary programme, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia.

Methods: The OSCE online method is designed using two systems, namely active stations and non-active stations with competencies tested based on the OSCE blueprint, and with the application of virtual facilities such as Google meet, Google forms, etc.

Results: The results showed that this method can be used for lab skills exams so that candidates and examiners can still take the exam comfortably without being disturbed. The methods can evaluate competence using the Global Rating and Actual Mark Score, and the examiner does not find it difficult to assess the competency being tested.

Author Biographies

Ida Musfiroh, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Faculty of Pharmacy

Holis Abdul Holik, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Faculty of Pharmacy

Raden Bayu Indradi, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Faculty of Pharmacy

Sriwidodo, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Faculty of Pharmacy


Abidah, A., Hidaayatullaah, H.N., Simamora, R.M., Fehabutar, D., & Mutakinati, L. (2020). The Impact of Covid-19 to Indonesian Education and Its Relation to the Philosophy of “Merdeka Belajar”. Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education. 1(1), 38-49

Aristovnik, A., Keržič, D., Ravšelj, D., Tomaževič, N., & Umek, L. (2020) Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Life of Higher Education Students: A Global Perspective. Sustainability, 12(20), 8438.

Association of Indonesian Pharmacy Higher Education. (2020). Circular Letter. 021/I/SE/APTFI/2018

Center Management of Indonesian Pharmacist Association. (2016). Indonesian Pharmacist Competency Standards

FIP (International Pharmaceutical Federation). (2021). FIP digital health in pharmacy education “Developing a digitally enabled pharmaceutical workforce”. Andries Bickerweg The Hague. The Netherlands: 24-33

Indonesian Pharmacist Competency Examination Committee. (2017). Blueprint of Indonesian Pharmacist Competency Test-OSCE Method

Kakadia, R., Chen, E., & Ohyama, H. (2020). Implementing an online OSCE during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of dental education, 10.1002/jdd.12323. Advance online publication.

Lawal, B.K, Haruna, A., Kurfi, F.S., & David, K.B. (2020). COVID-19 pandemic and pharmacy education in a developing country: A case study from Nigeria (online). Pharmacy Education. 20(2), 15-16. Available from:

Meskel, P., Burke E., Kropmans T.J.B., Byrne E., Setyonugroho, W., & Kennedy, K.M. (2015). Back to the future: An online OSCE Management Information System for nursing OSCEs (online). Nurse Education Today. 35(11), 1091-1096.

Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education. (2017). Implementation encouragement of summative UKAI. No 032/B/TU/2017

Susi, A.K., Nuvi, G., M.Rifqi, R., Hardika, A., & Ika, P.S. (2018). Students’ first experience with Objective Structured Clinical Examination in a pharmacy school in Indonesia. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 8(9), 102-106

Susi, A.K., & Yosef, W. (2019). Assessment of Pharmacy Students’ Clinical Skills using Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE): A Literature Review. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 10(1), 55-60.

Wahab, A. (2020). Online and Remote Learning in Higher Education Institutes: A Necessity in light of COVID-19 Pandemic, Higher Education Studies. 10(3), 16-25.




How to Cite

Musfiroh, I., Holik, H. A., Indradi, R. B., & Sriwidodo, S. (2021). RESEARCH ARTICLE: Active and non-active stations as an adaptive method for Objective Structured and Clinical Examination during the COVID-19 pandemic. Pharmacy Education, 21, p. 306–309.



Research Article