Intersectoral collaboration to enable bridging education for pharmacists: The International Pharmacy Graduate Program in Ontario, Canada
Keywords:Bridging education, foreign-trained professionals, internationally educated professionals, international pharmacy graduates
AbstractAs Canada’s economy and health care system become more reliant upon contributions made by individuals educated outside North America, there is an increasing need to develop systems and supportive programs to facilitate integration in the Canadian workforce. Collaboration between partners in different sectors is essential in ensuring success of such programs and systems. This paper reviews the development and outcome of inter-sectoral collaboration in the profession of pharmacy in Ontario, Canada. The need to develop such collaboration in pharmacy was particularly acute given the unusually high reliance upon internationally educated pharmacists in Canadian practice. The value of this collaboration, the way in which it developed and was nurtured, and challenges that emerged as part of the process, are discussed and analyzed as a case study example of how bridging education for internationally educated health care professionals may be operationalized.
Alboim, N. (2002). Fulfilling the promise: Integrating immigrant skills into the Canadian economy. Ottawa: Caledon Institute of Social Policy.
Austin, Z. (2003). Continuous professional development and foreign-trained health care professionals. Journal of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 20(6), 232–241.
Austin, Z., & Dean, M. (2004). Development of a curriculum for foreign-trained pharmacists seeking licensure in Canada. Pharmacy Education, 4(3/4), 143–151.
Austin, Z., Galli, M., & Diamantouros, A. (2003). Development of a prior learning assessment for pharmacists seeking licensure in Canada. Pharmacy Education, 3(2), 87–96.
Berry, J. W. (1997). Immigration, acculturation, and adaptation. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 46, 5–34.
Furnham, A., & Erdmann, S. (1995). Psychological and socio- cultural variables as predictors of adjustment in cross-cultural transitions. Psychologia, 38, 238–251.
Pew Research Centre for the People and the Press. (2003). 2002 Global attitudes survey.