Students' self-efficacy completing the pharmacist patient care process: Integrating authentic assessment into a pharmacy elective
Keywords:Authentic assessment, Pharmacist Patient Care Process (PPCP), Post-graduate Education, Self-efficacy
Background: Authentic assessments can be used to accurately measure students’ ability to perform tasks reflective of practising pharmacist responsibilities.
Objective: To evaluate the impact of an authentic assessment on student self-efficacy in completing the Pharmacists Patient Care Process (PPCP) in an elective course.
Methods: An authentic assessment simulated a direct patient care visit in an ambulatory care setting. For the assessment, students completed four steps of the PPCP, followed by a survey to evaluate their perceived self-efficacy in completing the activity.
Results: After the activity, 90% or more students felt more confident in knowing what information to collect, conducting a patient interview, and counselling a patient. General themes from free response questions confirmed student confidence and knowledge.
Conclusion: Creating and implementing an authentic assessment allowed for students to demonstrate improved self-efficacy while conducting the PPCP in a setting that closely resembled a real-life practice environment.
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