Pharmacy faculty perspectives on Cultural Competence education in pharmacy schools


  • Gladys Ekong College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Western New England University, Massachusetts, United States
  • Elizabeth Unni Touro College of Pharmacy, New York, United States
  • Akesha Edwards Wegmans School of Pharmacy, St. Johns Fisher University, New York, United States
  • Margarita Echeverri College of Pharmacy Xavier University of Louisiana, United States



Assessment tool, Canada, Cultural competence, Faculty training, Teaching confidence, Teaching depth, United States


Background: Faculties that teach cultural competence are in a great position to identify training gaps and improve the depth of teaching for pharmacy students.

Objective: To assess the perspective of faculty on their perceived confidence and extent of teaching cultural competence (CC) content in the pharmacy curricula.   

Methods: A cross-sectional study using an adapted version of the Self-assessment of Perceived Level of Cultural Competence (SAPLCC) questionnaire.  Data analysis included factor-level and item-level analysis using descriptive and inferential statistics.     

Results: Out of the 70 study participants, 77.1% were female and the average age was 47.97 (±10.52). Faculty with prior training reported a higher level of confidence to teach CC content in three areas, “addressing population health needs” (p = 0.007), “ recognising disparity-related discrimination” (p = 0.017), and “recognising social determinants of health” (p = 0.03). The faculty’s years of experience had a positive impact on both the extent of teaching CC and confidence.   

Conclusion: Study findings indicate a gap to address training needs for faculty development on CC to prepare students for an increasingly diverse patient population.


Author Biographies

Gladys Ekong, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Western New England University, Massachusetts, United States

Department of Pharmaceutical & Administrative Sciences

Elizabeth Unni, Touro College of Pharmacy, New York, United States

Social, Behavioral and Administrative Sciences

Akesha Edwards, Wegmans School of Pharmacy, St. Johns Fisher University, New York, United States


Margarita Echeverri, College of Pharmacy Xavier University of Louisiana, United States

Centre of Minority Health and Health Disparities Research and Education


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How to Cite

Ekong, G., Unni, E., Edwards, A., & Echeverri, M. (2023). Pharmacy faculty perspectives on Cultural Competence education in pharmacy schools. Pharmacy Education, 23(1), p. 296–306.



Research Article