Assessing stress among pharmacy faculty at five schools: Preliminary lessons learned and coping strategies recommended


  • Annesha White University of North Texas Health Sciences Center, Texas, United States
  • Sara A. Wettergreen University of Colorado, Colorado, United States
  • Karabi Nandy University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Texas, United States
  • Adenike I. Atanda University of North Texas Health Science Center, Texas, United States



Faculty stress, Job satisfaction, Perceived stress


Background: The 2016 ACPE Standards note that Pharm.D. programmes should ensure that “assessments include measurements of perceived stress in faculty, staff, and students and an evaluation of stress potential for a negative impact on programmatic outcomes and morale.” This study examines the perceptions of stress and satisfaction among pharmacy faculty and identifies their primary ways to cope with stress using a pilot survey instrument Scale To Recognize and Evaluate Stress and Satisfaction (STRESS).  

Methods: A PubMed literature search was conducted utilising key search terms: “faculty stress or burnout” and “stress survey”. A draft survey was assessed by 20 experts resulting a 10-question online survey (STRESS) that was administered across five US pharmacy schools. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse data. 

Results: The 117 faculty who completed the survey consisted of 55% females, 73% pharmacy practice department, and 36% assistant professor rank. When asked to rate stress levels on a scale of 1 (low stress) to 5 (high stress), the mean was 3.54, SD 0.94. The item with the highest stress rating was “feeling that I have too heavy a workload” (mean 3.63, SD 1.22), and 34% felt fatigued and/or overwhelmed on most days/daily.

Conclusion: Preliminary findings can serve for stress reduction strategies and as indicators for targeted wellness initiatives.

Author Biographies

Annesha White, University of North Texas Health Sciences Center, Texas, United States

College of Pharmacy

Sara A. Wettergreen, University of Colorado, Colorado, United States

Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences 

Karabi Nandy, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Texas, United States

School of Public Health

Adenike I. Atanda, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Texas, United States

College of Pharmacy


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How to Cite

White, A., Wettergreen, S. A., Nandy, K., & Atanda, A. I. (2023). Assessing stress among pharmacy faculty at five schools: Preliminary lessons learned and coping strategies recommended. Pharmacy Education, 23(1), p. 465–478.



Research Article