Improving pharmacy education at the Public Faculties of Pharmacy in Jordan: Students’ experience and expectations
Keywords:Curriculum, development, Jordan, pharmacy, pharmaceutical care
AbstractIntroductionPharmacy education and practice have developed rapidly worldwide in the past few years. This has prompted a re-evaluation of pharmaceutical education in Jordan. This study explored final year pharmacy students‘ experiences and expectations of pharmacy education as a prelude for designing delivery of a revised pharmacy curriculum.MethodsA validated and pre-tested questionnaire was administered to final-year students at the two public faculties of pharmacy in Jordan. Data then was coded and statistically analyzed. Responses from open questions were subjected to thematic analysis.Results and DiscussionA total of 308 students completed questionnaires from the 2 universities (JU, n=191 and JUST, n=117). Students still mainly relied on classroom teaching and devoted little time to self-directed study. They were receptive to change and offered some suggestions to improve the curriculum.For some of the questions, there was a significant different between the responses of students at the two universities.
Al-Wazaify, M. , Albsoul-Younes, A. (2005). Pharmacy in Jordan. American Journal of Health System Pharmacy, 62(23):2548-51.
American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy: Commission to Implement Change (1993). Papers from the Commission to Implement Change in Pharmaceutical Education. Background Paper I: what is the mission of pharmaceutical education? American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 57:374-6.
American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy: Educational Outcomes 2004. Retrieved May1st 2007, from: http://www.aacp.org
Barzak, M.Y., Ball, P. A., Ledger, R. (2001). Rationale and efficacy of problem based learning and computer-assisted learning in pharmaceutical education. Pharmacy Education, 1:105-13
Bulatova, N. R., Aburuz, S., Yousef, A. M. (2007). An innovative pharmaceutical care practical course. Advances in Health Science Education: Theory and Practice. (2):211-22.
Daugherty, K. K. (2006). Backward Course Design: Making the End the Beginning. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 70 (6) Article 135.
El-Awady, E. E., Moss, S., Mottram, D., O‘Donnell, J. (2006). Student Perspectives on Pharmacy Curriculum and Instruction in Egyptian Schools. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 70 (1) Article 09.
Laven, D. (2002). A Review on Specialization in Pharmacy—Part I. Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 15(3) 267-278
Loennechen, T., Lind, R.., Mckellars, S., Hudson, S. (2007). Clinical pharmacy curriculum development in Norway: Pharmacists‘ expectations in the context of current European developments. Pharmacy Education, 7(1): 19–26
Matowe, L., Al-Kandery, A. A., Bihzad, S. M. (2003). Pharmacy in Kuwait. American Journal of Health System Pharmacy, 60:1591-2
Morteza-Semnani, K., Saeedi, M. (2003). Pharmacy Education in Iran. Pharmacy Education, 3(2):135-9
Poirier, T. I., Santanello, C. R., Gupchup, G. V. (2007). A student orientation program to build a community of learners. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education .71(1):13
Quality Assurance Agency. Retrieved December 20th, 2006 from: http://www.qaa.ac.uk/crntwork/benchmark/phase2/pharmacy.htm
Ross, L. A., Crabtree, B. L., Theilman, G. D., Ross, B. S., Cleary, J. D., Byrd, H. J. (2007).Implementation and Refinement of a Problem-based Learning Model: A Ten-Year Experience. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education,71 (1) Article 17.
Sosabowski, M. H., Ingram, M. J. (2003). 21st Century Issues in Pharmacy Education in the United Kingdom. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education., 67 (4) Article 122.
Sramkova, P., De Jong-Van Den Berg, L. T. W., Oerlemans APWM (2004). Comparison of Dutch and Czech systems of pharmacy studies. Pharmacy Education,4:153–63.
Taylor, K. M. G., Harding, G., Bissenden, Shepherd, O., Shooter, B. (2004). "It Made Me Feel Like a Pharmacist, Not Just a Science Student": Pharmacy Undergraduates' Attitudes Towards Extemporaneous Dispensing Practical Classes. Pharmacy Education, 3: 137-42
The Pharmacy Consortium for Computer Assisted learning (PCCAL) Retrieved May 1st 2007 from: http://www.coacs.com/pccal.
Van Mil, F. J. W., Schulz, M. (2006). A Review of Pharmaceutical Care in Community Pharmacy in Europe. Harvard Health Policy Review, 7(1): 155-68
Wazaify, M., Matowe, L., AL-Bsoul-Younes, A., AL-Omran, O. (2006). Pharmacy Education in Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education,70 (1) Article 18.
Welty, T. E. (2006).Neurology and Neurosurgery Clinical Pharmacy Practice: Ignorance, Phobia, or Progress?Ann Pharmacotherapy, 40:2235-7.