An interprofessional nursing and pharmacy student simulation in acute pain management


  • Erica Ottis University of Missouri, Columbia
  • Gretchen Gregory University of Missouri Columbia


Pain, Simulation, Safety, Pharmacy, Nursing


Background: A team simulation was designed to expose nursing and pharmacy students to interprofessional teamwork.

Aim: The goals were to emphasise patient safety in acute pain management, gauge change in attitudes about interprofessional learning, and have students understand more about the roles of different professions.

Methods: Teams of four students collaborated during the simulation. Learners completed pre- and post-surveys to measure attitudes toward interprofessional learning and change in clinical confidence. Students provided reflection regarding their perceptions about the interprofessional simulation.

Results: There was a positive shift among all students in attitudes from pre- to post-simulation. Differences between nursing and a cohort of pharmacy students were found for confidence in clinical skills, with nursing students gaining more confidence from participating in the simulation. Student reflection demonstrated that 42% had a better understanding of others’ roles in patient care post-simulation.

Conclusion: This simulated activity emphasised how interprofessional teamwork can improve patient safety, encouraged students to develop new working relationships, and enhanced role identification around acute pain management. 

Author Biographies

Erica Ottis, University of Missouri, Columbia

Clinical Assistant Professor, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Pharmacy

Gretchen Gregory, University of Missouri Columbia

Instructor of Nursing University of Missouri Sinclair School of Nursing


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Research Article