Administration of a Canadian critical appraisal exam to pharmacy students in the Middle East


  • Emily Black Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia
  • K Wilbur Qatar University, Doha
  • W El-Kassem Qatar University, Doha
  • D Gardner Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia


Critical Appraisal, Pharmacy Students, Evidence-Based Medicine


Introduction/Context: Critical appraisal training of pharmacy students is important in the development of knowledge and skills necessary for the application of evidence-based practice post-licensure. The objectives of this study were to evaluate critical appraisal skills of students in Qatar and to compare performance across applicable academic years.

Description of Assessment: Pharmacy students in third year, fourth year, and Doctor of Pharmacy students at Qatar University completed an application-based critical appraisal exam developed by faculty from a Canadian University. Results were categorised according to Bloom’s taxonomy and compared by academic year.

Evaluation: The median score of students was 30.5%. Students performed best on questions categorised as comprehension and lowest on evaluation questions. A significant improvement in performance as students progressed through the curriculum was observed.

Implementation and Future Plans: Findings will be used to refine the current critical appraisal course series to increase emphasis on application of critical appraisal skills. 

Author Biographies

Emily Black, Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia

College of Pharmacy

K Wilbur, Qatar University, Doha

Qatar University, College of Pharmacy, Doha, Qatar 

W El-Kassem, Qatar University, Doha

College of Pharmacy

D Gardner, Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia

College of Pharmacy


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Research Article