Qualitative Evaluation of a Cumulative Exit-from-Degree Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) in a Gulf Context

Authors

  • Ahmed Hesham Sobh Qatar University, Doha
  • Mohamed Izham MI Qatar University, Doha
  • Mohammad I Diab Qatar University, Doha
  • Shane A Pawluk Qatar University, Doha
  • Zubin Austin University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
  • Kyle J Wilby Qatar University, Doha

Keywords:

OSCE, Evaluation, Pharmacy Education, Medical Education

Abstract

Introduction: Cultural adaptation of assessments into new contexts requires extensive evaluation to ensure validity of examination methods.

Aims: The study objective was to critically analyse a cumulative OSCE for graduating pharmacy students in Qatar from stakeholder perspectives.

Methods: Two focus groups were conducted with stakeholders to perform a SWOC (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, challenges) analysis. Discussions were recorded, transcribed, and analysed for content using an inductive analytical approach.

Results: The content analysis resulted in 20 categories. Strengths included training, assessment practices, familiarity, standardisation, and satisfaction. Weaknesses included discomfort, assessment practices, exam organisation, and training. Opportunities included future licensure, regulator support, improvement, and standardised actor pool. Challenges included novelty, failure policies, specialised pharmacists, preparation of practicing pharmacists, collaboration, cultural differences, and OSCE overall scoring.

Conclusion: Adaption of a cumulative OSCE in Qatar is positively perceived by stakeholders yet opportunities exist to improve design and implementation within our context. 

Author Biographies

Ahmed Hesham Sobh, Qatar University, Doha

College of Pharmacy

Mohamed Izham MI, Qatar University, Doha

College of Pharmacy

Mohammad I Diab, Qatar University, Doha

College of Pharmacy

Shane A Pawluk, Qatar University, Doha

College of Pharmacy

Zubin Austin, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario

Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy

Kyle J Wilby, Qatar University, Doha

Assistant Professor and Coordinator of Assessment and Accreditation - College of Pharmacy

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Published

13/03/2017

Issue

Section

Research Article