Attitudes towards using smart devices and medical applications among pharmacy students, preceptors and faculty members in Jordan



Medical Applications, Pharmacy Education, Pharmacy Practice, Smart Device


Objective: To determine the utilisation, purposes, barriers and attitudes towards the use of smart devices and medical applications among pharmacy students, preceptors, and faculty members at Jordan University of Science and Technology.

Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted at Jordan University of Science and Technology using a 28- item questionnaire.

Results: A total of 618 students (25%), 24 preceptors (100%), and 28 faculty members (50%) completed the survey. The vast majority of the respondents (98%) were using smart devices, however, only 69% were medical applications users. Using medical applications for academic purposes was more significant among students (p=0.013), while the usage in direct patient care was more significant among preceptors (p<0.001). The respondents generally indicated positive attitudes towards the use of medical applications, despite some barriers reported.

Conclusion: Pharmacy students, preceptors, and faculty members generally recognise the value of medical applications in pharmacy education and practice. Educational and healthcare institutions should facilitate the use of these tools, which can promote evidence-based practice. 

Author Biographies

Zeinab Al Subeh, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid

Lecturer, Clinical Pharmacy Department - Faculty of Pharmacy

Feras Alali, Qatar University

Professor and Associate Dean - Pharmaceutical Sciences Section, College of Pharmacy, Qatar University

Ahmed Awaisu, Qatar University

Associate Professor - Clinical Pharmacy and Practice Section, College of Pharmacy  


Aungst, T.D. (2013). Medical applications for pharmacists using mobile devices. Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 47, 1088-95.

Aungst, T.D. (2014). Integrating mHealth and mobile technology education into the pharmacy curriculum. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 78, 19.

Azzeh, L. (2017). Kingdom’s average monthly salary stands at $637 — report. The Jordan Times.

Banzi, R., Gonzalez-Lorenzo, M., Kwag, K.H., Bonovas, S. & Moja, L. (2016). The added value of information summaries supporting clinical decisions at the point-of- care. Recenti Progressi in Medicina, 107, 582-585.

Boruff, J.T. & Storie, D. (2014). Mobile devices in medicine: a survey of how medical students, residents, and faculty use smartphones and other mobile devices to find information. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 102, 22-30.

Boulos, M.N., Wheeler, S., Tavares, C. & Jones, R. (2011). How smartphones are changing the face of mobile and participatory healthcare: an overview, with example from eCAALYX. Biomedical Engineering Online, 10, 24.

Campbell, J.M., Umapathysivam, K., Xue, Y. & Lockwood, C. (2015). Evidence-Based Practice Point-of- Care Resources: A Quantitative Evaluation of Quality, Rigor, and Content. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 12, 313-27. doi: 10.1111/wvn.12114. Epub 2015 Dec 2.

Chang, J.S., Pham, D.A., Dang, M.T., Lu, Y., Vanosdol, S. & Shin, J. (2016). Evaluation of popular drug information resources on clinically useful and actionable pharmacogenomic information. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 104, 58-61.

Divall, M.V., Hayney, M.S., Marsh, W., Neville, M.W., O'barr, S., Sheets, E.D. & Calhoun, L.D. (2013). Perceptions of pharmacy students, faculty members, and administrators on the use of technology in the classroom. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 77, 75.

Divall, M.V. & Zgarrick, D.P. (2014). Perceptions and use of iPad technology by pharmacy practice faculty members. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 78, 52.

Elsayed, T.M., Jamshed, S.Q. & Elkalmi, R.M. (2015). The use of medical and drug information software programs for personal digital assistants among pharmacy students in a Malaysian pharmacy school. CPTL Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, 7, 484-491.

Franko, O.I. & Tirrell,T. F. (2012). Smartphone app use among medical providers in ACGME training programs. Journal of Medical Systems, 36, 3135-9.

Hardyman, W., Bullock, A., Brown, A., Carter-Ingram, S. & Stacey, M. (2013). Mobile technology supporting trainee doctors' workplace learning and patient care: an evaluation. BMC Medical Education, 13, 6.

Khan, T.M. & Hadi, M.A. (2014). Preceptors' use of hand-held devices and use of drug information resources in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, 6, 284-288.

Marken, P.A. (2011). Personalised medicine: are we preparing our students for the knowledge revolution? American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 75, 48.

Mcfalls, M. (2013). Integration of problem-based learning and innovative technology into a self-care course. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 77, 127.

Mi, M., Wu, W., Qiu, M., Zhang, Y., Wu, L. & Li, J. (2016). Use of Mobile Devices to Access Resources Among Health Professions Students: A Systematic Review. Medical Reference Services Quarterly, 35, 64-82.

Mosa, A.S., Yoo, I. & Sheets, L. (2012). A systematic review of healthcare applications for smartphones. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 12, 67.

Nason, G.J., Burke, M.J., Aslam, A., Kelly, M.E., Akram, C.M., Giri, S.K. & Flood, H.D. (2015). The use of smartphone applications by urology trainees. Surgeon, 13, 263-6.

Richardson, W.S. & Burdette, S.D. (2003). Practice corner: taking evidence in hand. ACP Journal Club, 138, A9.

Rodis, J., Aungst, T.D., Brown, N. V., Cui, Y. & Tam, L. (2016). Enhancing Pharmacy Student Learning and Perceptions of Medical Apps. JMIR mHealth uhHealth, 4, e55.

Stolte, S.K., Richard, C., Rahman, A. & Kidd, R.S. (2011). Student pharmacists' use and perceived impact of educational technologies. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 75, 92.

Ventola, C.L. (2014). Mobile devices and apps for health care professionals: uses and benefits. Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 39, 356-64.

Wallace, S., Clark, M. & White, J. (2012). 'It's on my iPhone': attitudes to the use of mobile computing devices in medical education, a mixed-methods study. BMJ Open, 2.

World Population Review. (2017). Jordan population 2017 (online). Available at: http://worldpopulationreview. com/countries/jordan-population/. Accessed 22nd July, 2017.





Research Article