Advancing clinical pharmacy practice globally through an innovative internationally-trained Pharm.D. degree programme
Keywords:International, Global, Pharmacy Education
Introduction: There are increasing calls worldwide for pharmacy education to prepare graduates to provide patient-centred care.
Description of Programme: In response, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences (CU SSPPS) developed the innovative Internationally-Trained Pharm.D. (ITPD) degree programme for international pharmacists. Admitted students complete two years of online didactic coursework in their home country, two live sessions in Colorado, one before and one after didactic coursework is completed, and introductory and advanced experiential rotations in the United States.
Evaluation: The ITPD programme addresses the complexity of educating diverse pharmacists to provide and meet the increasing demand of patient-centred care. Since 2014, ongoing evaluation of admission criteria and student performance assesses achievement of programme goals and continuous quality improvements. Results demonstrate student and programme success, and identified need for minor programme improvements.
Future Plans: CU SSPPS hopes to expand the ITPD programme to pharmacists in low- or low-middle income countries seeking to utilise pharmacists in clinical roles.
ACPE [Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education]. (2015). Accreditation standards and key elements for the professional program in pharmacy leading to the doctor of pharmacy degree ("Standards 2016") (pp. 39). Chicago, Illinois.
Al-Qadheeb, N.S., Alissa, D.A., Al-Jedai, A., Ajlan, A. & Al-Jazairi, A.S. (2012). The first international residency program accredited by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 76(10), 190. doi: 10.5688ajpe 7610190
Anderson, C., Bates, I., Brock, T., Brown, A., Bruno, A., Gal, D., Galbraith, K., Marriott, J., Rennie, T., Rouse, M.J. & Tofade, T. (2014). Highlights From the FIPEd Global Education Report. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 78(1), 4. doi: 10.5688/ajpe 7814
Anderson, C., Bates, I., Brock, T., Brown, A.N., Bruno, A., Futter, B., Rennie, T. & Rouse, M.J. (2012). Needs- based education in the context of globalization. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 76(4), 56. doi: 10.5688/ajpe76456
Asiri, Y.A. (2011). Emerging frontiers of pharmacy education in Saudi Arabia: The metamorphosis in the last fifty years. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 19(1), 1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jsps.2010.10.006
Deshpande, P.R. (2013). Should the PharmD degree be the basic educational requirement in India for pharmacists? American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 77(6), 132. doi:10.5688/ajpe776132
Gums, J.G. (2013). Changing the direction of clinical pharmacy outside the United States: Time to step up. Pharmacotherapy, 33(2), 122-125. doi: 10.1002/phar 1247
FIP [International Pharmaceutical Federation]. (2013). 2013 FIPEd Global Education Report (online).Available at: www.fip.org/educationreports. Accessed November, 2017
Katz, M., Nathisuwan, S., Tassaneeyaku, W., Moreton, E., Doungngern, T. & Thavorncharoensap, M. (2014). US-Thai Pharmacy Consortium: A successful 20 year education and training partnership. FIP World Congress 2014.
Manasse, H.R., Jr. (2013). Perspectives on the global evolution and development of pharmacy. American Journal of Health System Pharmacy, 70(8), 675-679. doi:10.2146/ajhp120685
Odegard, P.S., Tadeg, H., Downing, D., Mekonnen, H., Negussu, M., Bartlein, R. & Stergachis, A. (2011). Strengthening pharmaceutical care education in Ethiopia through instructional collaboration. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 75(7), 134. doi: 10.5688/ajpe757134
Rennie, T. & Anderson, C. (2013). Oversupply and under-resourced: the global context of pharmacy education. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 77(6), 111. doi: 10.5688/ajpe776111