RESEARCH ARTICLE: An evaluation of University of Wolverhampton Master of Pharmacy students’ perceptions of pharmacist prescribing.

Authors

  • Adnan Khan The University of Wolverhampton
  • Michelle Key The University of Wolverhampton
  • Hana Morrissey University of Wolverhampton
  • Patrick Ball The University of Wolverhampton

Keywords:

Independent Prescribing, Pharmacist Prescribers, Pharmacy Education, Post-graduate Pharmacy Education, Clinical Assessment Skills

Abstract

The Prescribers Survey Report 2016 identified 3,944 annotated pharmacist prescribers on the General Pharmaceutical Council register in 2015 with 2,567 independent prescribers, 425 are supplementary prescribers and 952 are both. This survey-based study evaluated the perceptions of University of Wolverhampton Master of Pharmacy students about pharmacist independent prescribing. Ethics clearance was granted by the School of Pharmacy Ethics Board. A link to an online survey was sent to all students enrolled in the Master of Pharmacy course. The anonymous data analysed thematically.

Cohort-dependant variations were identified, with Year 1 and 2 students more informed about independent prescribing and including it in their career plans. Students in Year 3 and 4 were more likely to pursue the career if it was appealing after graduation. This may be due to the course workload in Year 3 and 4 plus another year of internship, making further study unappealing at that time.

Author Biographies

Adnan Khan, The University of Wolverhampton

School of Pharmacy

Michelle Key, The University of Wolverhampton

School of Pharmacy

Hana Morrissey, University of Wolverhampton

Reader in Clinical Pharmacy, 

Reader in Clinical Plarmacy - School of Pharmacy

Patrick Ball, The University of Wolverhampton

School of Pharmacy

References

Baqir, W., Crehan, O., Murray, R., Campbell, D. & Copeland, R. (2015). Pharmacist prescribing within a UK NHS hospital trust: nature and extent of prescribing, and prevalence of errors. European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, 22(2), 79-82. doi:10.1136/ejhpharm-2014 -000486

Boyatzis, R. (1998). Transforming Qualitative Information: thematic analysis and code development. Case Western Reserve University: Sage

Charrois, T.L., Rosenthal, M., Hoti, K. & Hughes, C. (2013). Pharmacy student perceptions of pharmacist prescribing: a comparison study, Pharmacy, 1(2), 237-247

General Pharmaceutical Council. (2016). Prescribers Survey Report. London: General Pharmaceutical Council (online). Available at: https://www.pharmacyregulation.org/sites/ default/files/gphc_prescribers_survey_report. pdf. Accessed 9th November, 2018

General Pharmaceutical Council. (2018). Pharmacist Independent Prescriber. London, General Pharmaceutical Council (online). Available at: https://www.pharmacy regulation.org/education/pharmacist-independent-prescriber. Accessed 9th November, 2018

Hinchcliffe, A. (2015). Pharmacist independent prescribing- a review of the evidence. Cardiff: Public Health Wales (online). Available at: www.primarycareone.wales.nhs.uk/ opendoc/309767. Accessed 9th November, 2018

McIntosh, T., Munro, K., McLay, J. & Stewart, D. (2012). A cross sectional survey of the views of newly registered pharmacists in Great Britain on their potential prescribing role: a cautious approach. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 73(4),656-660. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2125. 2011.04133.x

MHRA [Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency]. (2017a). Supplementary prescribing. London, Medicines and Healthcare Regulations Agency (online). Available at: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20 141206094353/http://www.mhra.gov.uk/Howweregulate/ Medicines/Availabilityprescribingsellingandsupplyingof medicines/ExemptionsfromMedicinesActrestrictions/Supple mentaryprescribing/index.htm. Accessed 9th November, 2018

MHRA [Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency] (2017b). Nurse and pharmacist independent prescribing, London, Medicines and Healthcare Regulations Agency (online). Available at: http://webarchive.national archives.gov.uk/20141206092111/http://www.mhra.gov.uk/ Howweregulate/Medicines/Availabilityprescribingselling andsupplyingofmedicines/ExemptionsfromMedicinesAct restrictions/Nurseandpharmacistindependentprescribing/ index.htm. Accessed 9th November, 2018

Ng, K.W., Rosenthal, M.M. & Tsuyuki, R.T. (2011). Pharmacy Faculty Members' Perception of Contemporary Pharmacy Practice. Canadian Pharmacists Journal/Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada, 144(5), 227-230. doi: 10.3821/1913-701X-144.5.227

NHS England. (2016). General practice, forward view. London: NHS England (online). Available at: https:// www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/gpfv.pdf. Accessed 9th November, 2018

Tonna, A.P., Stewart, D., West, B. & McCaig, D. (2007). Pharmacist prescribing in the UK – a literature review of current practice and research. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 32(6),545-556. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2710. 2007.00867.x

Published

04/11/2019

Issue

Section

Research Article