RESEARCH ARTICLE: Early transition towards a computer-based examination system: The perceptions of senior university students in the Middle East

Authors

  • Hala El Ganzoury University of Sharjah, Sharjah
  • Osama H. Mohamed Ibrahim University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates & Cairo University, Egypt
  • Arwa Alkabbi University of Sharjah, Sharjah
  • Ayman Noreddin University of Sharjah, Sharjah
  • Sameh Soliman University of Sharjah, Sharjah

Keywords:

Examination, Computer-based Examination, Pharmacy Students, Middle East

Abstract

Computer-based examination (CBE) systems are a widespread technique used by some higher educational institutions in Western countries. However, this new learning technology is starting to gain popularity worldwide, including in the Middle East. Therefore, it is important to investigate the perceptions of students in the Middle East to the transition from a paper-based examination (PBE) system to a CBE system before widespread implementation. The objective of this survey study was to explore the perception of senior students at the College of Pharmacy, University of Sharjah, towards the transition from the PBE system to the CBE system in order to avoid possible risk factors. Thus a cross-sectional survey study was conducted on senior students at the College of Pharmacy, University of Sharjah after their first exposure to a mock exam followed by midterm exams using the CBE system. The results showed that there was a strong relationship between the students’ early experience with the CBE system at their high school, and type of education system to the students’ acceptance of employing the CBE system. Around 80% of the students did not like employing the CBE system. The students explained their negative perception regarding the use of the CBE system was due to their fear of employing a new system (43% of students); and the insufficient training procedure (24% of students). However, they suggested that Pharmacy Practice (46%), Pharmacology (27%), Pharmaceutics (24%) and Clinical Pharmacy (20%) can be the best subjects to apply CBE systems. Identifying students’ perceptions and feedback may enable higher education institutes to detect unintended consequences of this change and potential areas to improve whilst transitioning towards a CBE system.

Author Biographies

Hala El Ganzoury, University of Sharjah, Sharjah

Institute of Leadership in Higher Education

Osama H. Mohamed Ibrahim, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates & Cairo University, Egypt

Department of Pharmacy Practice and Pharmacotherapeutics, College of Pharmacy, University of Sharjah & Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Cairo University

Arwa Alkabbi, University of Sharjah, Sharjah

Department of Pharmacy Practice and Pharmacotherapeutics, College of Pharmacy

Ayman Noreddin, University of Sharjah, Sharjah

Department of Pharmacy Practice and Pharmacotherapeutics, College of Pharmacy

Sameh Soliman, University of Sharjah, Sharjah

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy

References

Al-Qdah, M. & Ababneh, I. (2017). Comparing Online and Paper Exams: Performances and Perceptions of Saudi Students. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 7(2), 106

Bloom, T.J., Rich, W.D., Olson, S.M. & Adams, M.L. (2018). Perceptions and performance using computer-based testing: One institution’s experience. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, 10(2), 235-242

Boevé, A.J., Meijer, R.R., Albers, C.J., Beetsma, Y. & Bosker, R. J. (2015). Introducing computer-based testing in high-stakes exams in higher education: results of a field experiment. PloS One, 10(12), e0143616

Chua, Y.P. (2012). Effects of computer-based testing on test performance and testing motivation. Computers in Human Behavior, 28(5), 1580–1586

Faniran, V. & Ajayi, N. (2016). Students’ perceptions of computer-based assessments: A case of UKZN. In IST-Africa Week Conference 2016, IEEE. pp. 1–9

Garas, S. & Hassan, M. (2018). Student Performance on Computer-Based Tests Versus Paper-Based Tests in Introductory Financial Accounting: UAE Evidence. Academy of Accounting and Financial Studies Journal, 22(2)

Guasp, J.R., Ramírez, M.A., Garayo, A.J.V., Meseguer-Dueñas, J.M. & Gómez-Tejedor, J.A. (2018). Students’ Perception of Auto-Scored Online Exams in Blended Assessment: Feedback for Improvement. Educación XX1, 21(2)

Jawaid, M., Moosa, F.A., Jaleel, F. & Ashraf, J. (2014). Computer based assessment (CBA): Perception of residents at Dow University of Health Sciences. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 30(4), 688

Jimoh, R.G., Shittu, A.J.K. & Kawu, Y.K. (2012). Students’ perception of computer based test (CBT) for examining undergraduate chemistry courses. Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences, 3(2), 125–134

Lee, B.-C., Yoon, J.-O. & Lee, I. (2009). Learners’ acceptance of e-learning in South Korea: Theories and results. Computers & Education, 53(4), 1320–1329

Monaghan, M.S., Cain, J.J., Malone, P.M., Chapman, T.A., Walters, R.W., Thompson, D.C. & Riedl, S.T. (2011). Educational technology use among US colleges and schools of pharmacy. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 75(5). doi: https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe75587

O’Brocta, R. (2013). Computer testing to document student achievement of learning outcomes. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 77(10). doi: https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe7710226

Pawasauskas, J., Matson, K.L. & Youssef, R. (2014). Transitioning to computer-based testing. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, 6(2), 289–297

Rajalaksmi, R., Rajalaksmi, C. & Simon, M. (2017). Medical Students’ perceptions of E- assessment: Multiple Choice Questions used as a tool of Assessment for Preclinical Years. Journal of Medical Education, 16(1), 35-43

Schneberger, S., Amoroso, D. & Durfee, A. (2008). Factors That Influence the Performance of Computer-Based Assessments: An Extension of the Technology Acceptance Model. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 48(2), 74-90. doi:10.1080/08874417.2008. 11646011

Shroff, R., Deneen C. & Ng, E. (2011).Analysis of the technology acceptance model in examining students’ behavioural intention to use an e-portfolio system. Australas J Educ Technol, 27(4), 600–618

Tella, A. & Bashorun, M.T. (2012). Attitude of undergraduate students towards computer-based test (cbt): a case study of the university of Ilorin, Nigeria. International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Education (IJICTE), 8(2), 33-45

Terzis, V. & Economides, A.A. (2011). Computer based assessment: Gender differences in perceptions and acceptance. Computers in Human Behavior, 27(6), 2108–2122

Wadley, M., Weaver, S.B., Curry, C. & Carthon, C. (2014). Pharmacy students’ perceptions of ExamSoft® as the primary assessment tool in an integrated therapeutics course. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, 6(6), 815–821

Published

05/12/2019

Issue

Section

Research Article